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  1. The black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae, Hermetia illucens) is renowned for its bioconversion ability of organic matter, and is the worldwide most widely used source of insect protein. Despite varying exten...

    Authors: Gunilla Ståhls, Rudolf Meier, Christoph Sandrock, Martin Hauser, Ljiljana Šašić Zorić, Elina Laiho, Andrea Aracil, Jovana Doderović, Rozane Badenhorst, Phira Unadirekkul, Nur Arina Binte Mohd Adom, Leo Wein, Cameron Richards, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Santos Rojo, Sanja Veselić…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Functional constraint through genomic architecture is suggested to be an important dimension of genome evolution, but quantitative evidence for this idea is rare. In this contribution, existing evidence and di...

    Authors: Katharina C. Wollenberg Valero

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Amino acid substitution models play an important role in inferring phylogenies from proteins. Although different amino acid substitution models have been proposed, only a few were estimated from mitochondrial ...

    Authors: Huihui Chang, Yimeng Nie, Nan Zhang, Xue Zhang, Huimin Sun, Ying Mao, Zhongying Qiu and Yuan Huang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Amylase gene clusters have been implicated in adaptive copy number changes in response to the amount of starch in the diet of humans and mammals. However, this interpretation has been questioned for humans and...

    Authors: Miriam Linnenbrink, Kristian K. Ullrich, Ellen McConnell and Diethard Tautz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Meiosis is essential for sexual reproduction and generates genetically diverse haploid gametes from a diploid germ cell. Reduction of ploidy depends on active chromosome movements during early meiotic prophase...

    Authors: Irene da Cruz, Céline Brochier-Armanet and Ricardo Benavente

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Ever since Darwin, evolutionary biologists have studied sexual selection driving differences in appearance and behaviour between males and females. An unchallenged paradigm in such studies is that one sex (usu...

    Authors: Ke Gao, Michiel van Wijk, Zoe Clement, Martijn Egas and Astrid T. Groot

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Raw second-generation (2G) lignocellulosic biomass materials have the potential for development into a sustainable and renewable source of energy. Poplar is regarded as a promising 2G material (P. davidiana Dode×...

    Authors: Xin Zhang, Chenrui Gu, Tianxu Zhang, Botong Tong, Heng Zhang, Yueliang Wu and Chuanping Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Photosymbiotic associations between metazoan hosts and photosynthetic dinoflagellates are crucial to the trophic and structural integrity of many marine ecosystems, including coral reefs. Although extensive ef...

    Authors: Jingchun Li, Sarah Lemer, Lisa Kirkendale, Rüdiger Bieler, Colleen Cavanaugh and Gonzalo Giribet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Distichodus is a clade of tropical freshwater fishes currently comprising 25 named species distributed continent-wide throughout the Nilo-Sudan and most Sub-Saharan drainages. This study investigates the phylogen...

    Authors: Jairo Arroyave, John S. S. Denton and Melanie L. J. Stiassny

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Tooth morphology within theropod dinosaurs has been extensively investigated and shows high disparity throughout the Cretaceous. Changes or diversification in feeding ecology, i.e., adoption of an herbivorous ...

    Authors: Zhiheng Li, Chun-Chieh Wang, Min Wang, Cheng-Cheng Chiang, Yan Wang, Xiaoting Zheng, E-Wen Huang, Kiko Hsiao and Zhonghe Zhou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Copepods are key components of aquatic ecosystems and can help regulate the global carbon cycle. Much attention has been paid to the species diversity of copepods worldwide, but the phylogeography and genetic ...

    Authors: Yijun Ni, Chike Chukwuenyem Ebido, Elijah Chibueze Odii, Jinhui Wang, Chinemerem Hodges Orakwelu, Francis Chukwuemeka Abonyi, Chinedu Innocent Ngene, Joseph Onyekwere Okoro, Patience Obiageli Ubachukwu, Wei Hu and Mingbo Yin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Mexican hand tree or Canac (Chiranthodendron pentadactylon) is a temperate tree species of cloud and pine-oak forests of southern Mexico and Guatemala. Its characteristic hand-shaped flower is used in folk me...

    Authors: Diana Gabriela Hernández-Langford, María Elena Siqueiros-Delgado and Eduardo Ruíz-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:94

  13. Parasites may mediate the success of biological invasions through their effect on host fitness and thus, on host population growth and stability. However, a release from the pressure of parasites is strongly r...

    Authors: Aleksandra Biedrzycka, Marcin Popiołek and Andrzej Zalewski

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Olfactory receptors (ORs) are G protein-coupled receptors with a crucial role in odor detection. A typical mammalian genome harbors ~ 1000 OR genes and pseudogenes; however, different gene duplication/deletion...

    Authors: Tsviya Olender, Tamsin E. M. Jones, Elspeth Bruford and Doron Lancet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Methodology article

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  15. Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have reduced the cost of whole transcriptome analyses, allowing characterization of non-model species at unprecedented levels. The rapid pace of transcriptom...

    Authors: Dustin J. Wcisel, J. Thomas Howard III, Jeffrey A. Yoder and Alex Dornburg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Software

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  16. Evolutionary transitions in temporal niche necessitates specialized morphology, physiology, and behaviors. Diurnal, heliothermic squamates (lizards and snakes) that bask require protection from ultraviolet rad...

    Authors: Aaron H. Griffing, Tony Gamble and Aaron M. Bauer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Chromosomal rearrangements are thought to be an important driving force underlying lineage diversification, but their link to speciation continues to be debated. Antarctic teleost fish of the family Notothenii...

    Authors: Juliette Auvinet, Paula Graça, Agnès Dettai, Angel Amores, John H. Postlethwait, H. William Detrich III, Catherine Ozouf-Costaz, Olivier Coriton and Dominique Higuet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Most cinquefoils (Potentilla L., Rosaceae) are polyploids, ranging from tetraploid (4x) to dodecaploid (12x), diploids being a rare exception. Previous studies based on ribosomal and chloroplast data indicated th...

    Authors: Nannie L. Persson, Torsten Eriksson and Jenny E. E. Smedmark

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Various ecological groups of earthworms very likely constitute sharply isolated niches that might permit speciation of their symbiotic ciliates, even though no distinct morphological features appear to be reco...

    Authors: Tomáš Obert and Peter Vďačný

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The family Aegisthidae is known as typical component of deep-sea hyperbenthic waters that gradually colonized other marine environments. The phylogenetic relationships within this family have been examined her...

    Authors: Sahar Khodami, Nancy F. Mercado-Salas and Pedro Martìnez Arbizu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Human chromosome 19 has many unique characteristics including gene density more than double the genome-wide average and 20 large tandemly clustered gene families. It also has the highest GC content of any chro...

    Authors: R. Alan Harris, Muthuswamy Raveendran, Kim C. Worley and Jeffrey Rogers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Bird plumage exhibits a diversity of colors that serve functional roles ranging from signaling to camouflage and thermoregulation. However, birds must maintain a balance between evolving colorful signals to at...

    Authors: Jon T. Merwin, Glenn F. Seeholzer and Brian Tilston Smith

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In recent years, Ecuador and other South American countries have experienced an increase in arboviral diseases. A rise in dengue infections was followed by introductions of chikungunya and Zika, two viruses ne...

    Authors: Irina Maljkovic Berry, Wiriya Rutvisuttinunt, Rachel Sippy, Efrain Beltran-Ayala, Katherine Figueroa, Sadie Ryan, Abhinaya Srikanth, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, Timothy Endy and Richard G. Jarman

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Modularity is important for evolutionary innovation. The recombination of existing units to form larger complexes with new functionalities spares the need to create novel elements from scratch. In proteins, th...

    Authors: Elias Dohmen, Steffen Klasberg, Erich Bornberg-Bauer, Sören Perrey and Carsten Kemena

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. Crocidura, the most speciose mammalian genus, occurs across much of Asia, Europe and Africa. The taxonomy of Chinese representatives has been studied primarily based on cursory morphological comparisons and their...

    Authors: Shunde Chen, Jiao Qing, Zhu Liu, Yang Liu, Mingkun Tang, Robert W. Murphy, Yingting Pu, Xuming Wang, Keyi Tang, Keji Guo, Xuelong Jiang and Shaoying Liu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Temperature exerts a strong influence on protein evolution: species living in thermally distinct environments often exhibit adaptive differences in protein structure and function. However, previous research on...

    Authors: Ying-Chen Chao, Melanie Merritt, Devin Schaefferkoetter and Tyler G. Evans

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Recent human transcriptomic analyses revealed a very large number of testis-enriched genes, many of which are involved in spermatogenesis. This comprehensive transcriptomic data lead us to the question whether...

    Authors: Helmut Schaschl and Bernard Wallner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Climatic variation and geologic change both play significant roles in shaping species distributions, thus affecting their evolutionary history. In Sahara-Sahel, climatic oscillations shifted the desert extent ...

    Authors: Ana Filipa Moutinho, Nina Serén, Joana Paupério, Teresa Luísa Silva, Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Graciela Sotelo, Rui Faria, Tapio Mappes, Paulo Célio Alves, José Carlos Brito and Zbyszek Boratyński

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Taste is fundamental to diet selection in vertebrates. Genetic basis of sweet taste receptor in the shaping of food habits has been extensively studied in mammals and birds, but scarcely studied in fishes. Gra...

    Authors: Xiao-Chen Yuan, Xu-Fang Liang, Wen-Jing Cai, Shan He, Wen-Jie Guo and Kang-Sen Mai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Understanding the origins of genome content has long been a goal of molecular evolution and comparative genomics. By examining genome evolution through the guise of lineage-specific evolution, it is possible t...

    Authors: David E. Northover, Stephen D. Shank and David A. Liberles

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The flat periwinkles, Littorina fabalis and L. obtusata, are two sister species widely distributed throughout the Northern Atlantic shores with high potential to inform us about the process of ecological speciati...

    Authors: Graciela Sotelo, Mårten Duvetorp, Diana Costa, Marina Panova, Kerstin Johannesson and Rui Faria

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Polyplacophora, or chitons, have long fascinated malacologists for their distinct and rather conserved morphology and lifestyle compared to other mollusk classes. However, key aspects of their phylogeny and ev...

    Authors: Iker Irisarri, Juan E. Uribe, Douglas J. Eernisse and Rafael Zardoya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The hybridizing field crickets, Gryllus firmus and Gryllus pennsylvanicus have several barriers that prevent gene flow between species. The behavioral pre-zygotic mating barrier, where males court conspecifics mo...

    Authors: Brianna Heggeseth, Danielle Sim, Laura Partida and Luana S. Maroja

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Understanding the forces that maintain diversity across a range of scales is at the very heart of biology. Frequency-dependent processes are generally recognized as the most central process for the maintenance...

    Authors: Zorana Kurbalija Novičić, Ahmed Sayadi, Mihailo Jelić and Göran Arnqvist

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The evolution of the Jehol Biota of western Liaoning in China includes three phases, initiation in the Dabeigou phase, radiation in the Yixian phase, and decline in the Jiufotang phase. Numerous ephedroid macr...

    Authors: Yong Yang, Yingwei Wang and David Kay Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The disposable soma theory of ageing assumes that organisms optimally trade-off limited resources between reproduction and longevity to maximize fitness. Early reproduction should especially trade-off against ...

    Authors: Charly Jehan, Manon Chogne, Thierry Rigaud and Yannick Moret

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Drosophila subobscura exhibits a rich inversion polymorphism, with some adaptive inversions showing repeatable spatiotemporal patterns in frequencies related to temperature. Previous studies reported increased ba...

    Authors: Marta Puig Giribets, Mauro Santos and María Pilar García Guerreiro

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The need for enhancing the productivity of fisheries in Africa triggered the introduction of non-native fish, causing dramatic changes to local species. In East Africa, the extensive translocation of Nile tila...

    Authors: Papius Dias Tibihika, Manuel Curto, Esayas Alemayehu, Herwig Waidbacher, Charles Masembe, Peter Akoll and Harald Meimberg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:16

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The current Brazilian population is the product of centuries of admixture between intercontinental founding groups. Although previous results have revealed a heterogeneous distribution of mitochondrial lineage...

    Authors: Ana Paula Schaan, Leonor Gusmão, Juliana Jannuzzi, Antonio Modesto, Marcos Amador, Diego Marques, Silvia Helena Rabenhorst, Raquel Montenegro, Thayson Lopes, France Keiko Yoshioka, Giovanny Pinto, Sidney Santos, Lorenna Costa, Vivian Silbiger and Ândrea Ribeiro-dos-Santos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that specifically repress transposable elements (TEs) in the germline of Drosophila. Despite our expanding understanding of TE:piRNA interaction, wheth...

    Authors: Shiqi Luo, Hong Zhang, Yuange Duan, Xinmin Yao, Andrew G. Clark and Jian Lu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:14

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The theory of trade-off suggests that limited resources should lead to trade-off in resource intensive traits such as, immunity related and sexually selected traits in males. Alternatively, sexual exaggeration...

    Authors: Zeeshan Ali Syed, Vanika Gupta, Manas Geeta Arun, Aatashi Dhiman, Bodhisatta Nandy and Nagaraj Guru Prasad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The CO2-concentrating mechanism associated to Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) alters the catalytic context for Rubisco by increasing CO2 availability and provides an advantage in particular ecological conditio...

    Authors: Carmen Hermida-Carrera, Mario A. Fares, Marcel Font-Carrascosa, Maxim V. Kapralov, Marcus A. Koch, Arnau Mir, Arántzazu Molins, Miquel Ribas-Carbó, Jairo Rocha and Jeroni Galmés

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:11

    Content type: Research article

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