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  1. Content type: Research article

    Translation of specific mRNAs can be highly regulated in different cells, tissues or under pathological conditions. Ribosome heterogeneity can originate from variable expression or post-translational modificat...

    Authors: Katharina E. Bräuer, Kevin Brockers, Jasmin Moneer, Annette Feuchtinger, Evi Wollscheid-Lengeling, Andreas Lengeling and Alexander Wolf

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:96

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  2. Content type: Research article

    An essential question in evolutionary biology is whether shifts in a set of polygenic behaviors share a genetic basis across species. Such a behavioral shift is seen in the cave-dwelling Mexican tetra, Astyanax m...

    Authors: Masato Yoshizawa, Alexander Settle, Meredith C. Hermosura, Lillian J. Tuttle, Nicolas Cetraro, Courtney N. Passow and Suzanne E. McGaugh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:89

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The spatial distribution of genetic diversity and structure has important implications for conservation as it reveals a species’ strong and weak points with regard to stability and evolutionary capacity. Tempo...

    Authors: Alexander Jueterbock, James A. Coyer, Jeanine L. Olsen and Galice Hoarau

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:94

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Advances in genomic technologies have expanded our ability to accurately and exhaustively detect natural genomic variants that can be applied in crop improvement and to increase our knowledge of plant evolutio...

    Authors: Bochra A. Bahri, Guillaume Daverdin, Xiangyang Xu, Jan-Fang Cheng, Kerrie W. Barry, E. Charles Brummer and Katrien M. Devos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:91

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cyclostome bryozoans are an ancient group of marine colonial suspension-feeders comprising approximately 700 extant species. Previous morphological studies are mainly restricted to skeletal characters whereas ...

    Authors: Thomas F. Schwaha, Stephan Handschuh, Andrew N. Ostrovsky and Andreas Wanninger

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:92

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Historical factors, demography, reproduction and dispersal are crucial in determining the genetic structure of seabirds. In the Antarctic marine environment, penguins are a major component of the avian biomass...

    Authors: Isidora Mura-Jornet, Carolina Pimentel, Gisele P. M. Dantas, Maria Virginia Petry, Daniel González-Acuña, Andrés Barbosa, Andrew D. Lowther, Kit M. Kovacs, Elie Poulin and Juliana A. Vianna

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:90

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:117

  7. Content type: Research article

    Sox (Sry-related high-mobility-group box) genes represent important factors in animal development. Relatively little, however, is known about the embryonic expression patterns and thus possible function(s) of Sox...

    Authors: Ralf Janssen, Emil Andersson, Ellinor Betnér, Sifra Bijl, Will Fowler, Lars Höök, Jake Leyhr, Alexander Mannelqvist, Virginia Panara, Kate Smith and Sydney Tiemann

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:88

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  8. Content type: Research article

    C-to-U RNA editing in mitochondria and chloroplasts and the nuclear-encoded, RNA-binding PPR proteins acting as editing factors present a wide field of co-evolution between the different genetic systems in a p...

    Authors: Anke Hein and Volker Knoop

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:85

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Porous species boundaries can be a source of conflicting hypotheses, particularly when coupled with variable data and/or methodological approaches. Their impacts can often be magnified when non-model organisms...

    Authors: Max R. Bangs, Marlis R. Douglas, Steven M. Mussmann and Michael E. Douglas

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:86

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Sloths are one of only two exceptions to the mammalian ‘rule of seven’ vertebrae in the neck. As a striking case of breaking the evolutionary constraint, the explanation for the exceptional number of cervical ...

    Authors: Christine Böhmer, Eli Amson, Patrick Arnold, Anneke H. van Heteren and John A. Nyakatura

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:84

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Commercial whaling caused extensive demographic declines in many great whale species, including gray whales that were extirpated from the Atlantic Ocean and dramatically reduced in the Pacific Ocean. The Easte...

    Authors: Anna Brüniche-Olsen, Rick Westerman, Zuzanna Kazmierczyk, Vladimir V. Vertyankin, Celine Godard-Codding, John W. Bickham and J. Andrew DeWoody

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:87

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  12. Content type: Correction

    After publication of Nakano et al. (2017) [1], the authors became aware of the fact that the new species-group name erected for the two specimens of a Japanese xenoturbellid species in the article is not avail...

    Authors: Hiroaki Nakano, Hideyuki Miyazawa, Akiteru Maeno, Toshihiko Shiroishi, Keiichi Kakui, Ryo Koyanagi, Miyuki Kanda, Noriyuki Satoh, Akihito Omori and Hisanori Kohtsuka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:83

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    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:245

  13. Content type: Research article

    Along with sperm, in many taxa ejaculates also contain large numbers of seminal fluid proteins (SFPs). SFPs and sperm are transferred to the mating partner, where they are thought to play key roles in mediatin...

    Authors: Michael Weber, Julia Wunderer, Birgit Lengerer, Robert Pjeta, Marcelo Rodrigues, Lukas Schärer, Peter Ladurner and Steven A. Ramm

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:81

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Understanding genomic and phenotypic diversity among cryptic pest taxa has important implications for the management of pests and diseases. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L., has been intensively studi...

    Authors: Kym D. Perry, Gregory J. Baker, Kevin J. Powis, Joanne K. Kent, Christopher M. Ward and Simon W. Baxter

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:77

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  15. Content type: Research article

    It is thought that after whole-genome duplications (WGDs), a large fraction of the duplicated gene copies is lost over time while few duplicates are retained. Which factors promote survival or death of a dupli...

    Authors: Elisabeth Kaltenegger, Svetlana Leng and Alexander Heyl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:76

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The effects of historical geology and climatic events on the evolution of plants around the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau region have been at the center of debate for years. To identify the influence of the uplift o...

    Authors: Yan-Fei Zeng, Jian-Guo Zhang, Bawerjan Abuduhamiti, Wen-Ting Wang and Zhi-Qing Jia

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:75

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Numerous studies have favored dispersal (colonization) over vicariance (past fragmentation) events to explain eastern Asian-North American distribution patterns. In plants, however the disjunction between east...

    Authors: Kun-Li Xiang, Andrey S. Erst, Xiao-Guo Xiang, Florian Jabbour and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:74

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The morphological and functional evolution of appendages has played a key role in the diversification of arthropods. While the ancestral arthropod appendage is held to be polyramous, terrestriality is associat...

    Authors: Zhiyong Di, Gregory D. Edgecombe and Prashant P. Sharma

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:73

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Adaptive responses to nutrient limitation involve mutations that increase the efficiency of usage or uptake of the limiting nutrient. However, starvation of different nutrients has contrasting effects on physi...

    Authors: Omar M. Warsi, Dan I. Andersson and Daniel E. Dykhuizen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:72

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Apoid wasps and bees (Apoidea) are an ecologically and morphologically diverse group of Hymenoptera, with some species of bees having evolved eusocial societies. Major problems for our understanding of the evo...

    Authors: Manuela Sann, Oliver Niehuis, Ralph S. Peters, Christoph Mayer, Alexey Kozlov, Lars Podsiadlowski, Sarah Bank, Karen Meusemann, Bernhard Misof, Christoph Bleidorn and Michael Ohl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:71

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Phylogenetic analysis of DNA from modern and ancient samples allows the reconstruction of important demographic and evolutionary processes. A critical component of these analyses is the estimation of evolution...

    Authors: K. Jun Tong, David A. Duchêne, Sebastián Duchêne, Jemma L. Geoghegan and Simon Y. W. Ho

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:70

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  22. Content type: Research article

    One explanation for the persistence of schizophrenia despite the reduced fertility of patients is that it is a by-product of recent human evolution. This hypothesis is supported by evidence suggesting that rec...

    Authors: Niladri Banerjee, Tatiana Polushina, Francesco Bettella, Sudheer Giddaluru, Vidar M. Steen, Ole A. Andreassen and Stephanie Le Hellard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:63

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  23. Content type: Methodology article

    Phylogenetic comparative methods allow us to test evolutionary hypotheses without the benefit of an extensive fossil record. These methods, however, make simplifying assumptions, among them that clades are alw...

    Authors: Andrew G. Simpson, Peter J. Wagner, Scott L. Wing and Charles B. Fenster

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:69

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  24. Content type: Research

    Debated aspects in speciation research concern the amount of gene flow between incipient species under secondary contact and the modes by which post-zygotic isolation accumulates. Secondary contact zones of al...

    Authors: Christophe Dufresnes, Petros Lymberakis, Panagiotis Kornilios, Romain Savary, Nicolas Perrin and Matthias Stöck

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:67

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Previous phylogenetic analyses of primnoid octocorals utilizing morphological or molecular data have each recovered evolutionary relationships among genera that are largely incongruent with each other, with so...

    Authors: Stephen D. Cairns and Herman H. Wirshing

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:66

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The common loon (Gavia immer) is one of five species that comprise the avian order Gaviiformes. Loons are specialized divers, reaching depths up to 60 m while staying submerged for intervals up to three minutes. ...

    Authors: Zach G. Gayk, Diana Le Duc, Jeffrey Horn and Alec R. Lindsay

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:64

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been sequenced for thousands of animals and represent a molecule of choice for many evolutionary studies. Nevertheless, some animal groups have remained under-sampled. ...

    Authors: Hanan Arafat, Ada Alamaru, Carmela Gissi and Dorothée Huchon

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:65

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The family Phyllostomidae (Chiroptera) shows wide morphological, molecular and cytogenetic variation; many disagreements regarding its phylogeny and taxonomy remains to be resolved. In this study, we use chrom...

    Authors: Anderson José Baia Gomes, Cleusa Yoshiko Nagamachi, Luis Reginaldo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, Fengtang Yang, Patricia Caroline Mary O’Brien and Julio Cesar Pieczarka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:62

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Hybridization is very common in plants, and the incorporation of new alleles into existing lineages (i.e. admixture) can blur species boundaries. However, admixture also has the potential to increase standing ...

    Authors: Martin P. Schilling, Zachariah Gompert, Fay-Wei Li, Michael D. Windham and Paul G. Wolf

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:61

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The role of chromosomal arrangements in adaptation is supported by the repeatable clinal variation in inversion frequencies across continents in colonizing species such as Drosophila subobscura. However, there is...

    Authors: Pedro Simões and Marta Pascual

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:60

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Dengue virus type 3 genotype III (DENV3/III) is associated with increased number of severe infections when it emerged in the Americas and Asia. We had previously demonstrated that the DENV3/III was introduced ...

    Authors: Kim-Kee Tan, Nurul-Izzani Zulkifle, Syuhaida Sulaiman, Sui-Ping Pang, NurAsyura NorAmdan, NorAziyah MatRahim, Juraina Abd-Jamil, Meng-Hooi Shu, Nor Muhammad Mahadi and Sazaly AbuBakar

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:58

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  32. Content type: Research article

    If a parasite is able to transmit horizontally or vertically, which transmission mode will it choose? We investigated how the growth conditions and the genotype of the mosquito Aedes aegypti affect the transmissi...

    Authors: Giacomo Zilio, Kevin Thiévent and Jacob C. Koella

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:59

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Volcanic and tectonic activities in conjunction with Quaternary climate are the main events that shaped the geographical distribution of genetic variation of many lineages. Poeciliopsis infans is the only poecili...

    Authors: Rosa Gabriela Beltrán-López, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez, Rodolfo Pérez-Rodríguez, Kyle Piller and Ignacio Doadrio

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:56

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Recombination is widespread across the tree of life, because it helps purge deleterious mutations and creates novel adaptive traits. In prokaryotes, it often takes the form of horizontal gene transfer from a d...

    Authors: Hoi Yee Chu, Kathleen Sprouffske and Andreas Wagner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:54

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Differences in species richness among phylogenetic clades are attributed to clade age and/or variation in diversification rates. Access to ecological opportunity may trigger a temporary increase in diversifica...

    Authors: Diana Delicado, Torsten Hauffe and Thomas Wilke

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:55

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cavefish populations belonging to the Mexican tetra species Astyanax mexicanus are outstanding models to study the tempo and mode of adaptation to a radical environmental change. They are currently assigned to tw...

    Authors: Julien Fumey, Hélène Hinaux, Céline Noirot, Claude Thermes, Sylvie Rétaux and Didier Casane

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:43

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The phylogeny of Cnidaria has been a source of debate for decades, during which nearly all-possible relationships among the major lineages have been proposed. The ecological success of Cnidaria is predicated o...

    Authors: Ehsan Kayal, Bastian Bentlage, M. Sabrina Pankey, Aki H. Ohdera, Monica Medina, David C. Plachetzki, Allen G. Collins and Joseph F. Ryan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:68

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Life history characteristics are considered important factors influencing the evolutionary processes of natural populations, including the patterns of population genetic structure of a species. The sister spec...

    Authors: Song Yi Baek, Ji Hyoun Kang, Seo Hee Jo, Ji Eun Jang, Seo Yeon Byeon, Ju-hyoun Wang, Hwang-Goo Lee, Jun-Kil Choi and Hyuk Je Lee

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:52

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Heterotrimeric G proteins are fundamental signaling proteins composed of three subunits, Gα and a Gβγ dimer. The role of Gα as a molecular switch is critical for transmitting and amplifying intracellular signa...

    Authors: A. D. Lokits, H. Indrischek, J. Meiler, H. E. Hamm and P. F. Stadler

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:51

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Recently, population genetic studies of Mediterranean marine species highlighted patterns of genetic divergence and phylogeographic breaks, due to the interplay between impacts of Pleistocene climate shifts an...

    Authors: Temim Deli, Evrim Kalkan, Selahattin Ünsal Karhan, Sonya Uzunova, Alireza Keikhosravi, Raşit Bilgin and Christoph D. Schubart

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:53

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Non-human primates have long been identified to harbour different species of Plasmodium. Long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), in particular, are reservoirs for P. knowlesi, P. inui, P. cynomolgi, P. coatne...

    Authors: Thamayanthi Nada Raja, Ting Huey Hu, Ramlah Zainudin, Kim Sung Lee, Susan L. Perkins and Balbir Singh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:49

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  42. Content type: Research article

    South China encompasses complex and diverse landforms, giving rise to high biological diversity and endemism from the Hengduan Mountains to Taiwan Island. Many species are widely distributed across South China...

    Authors: Xue Lv, Jilong Cheng, Yang Meng, Yongbin Chang, Lin Xia, Zhixin Wen, Deyan Ge, Shaoying Liu and Qisen Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:50

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Comparative studies of neuroanatomy and neurodevelopment provide valuable information for phylogenetic inference. Beyond that, they reveal transformations of neuroanatomical structures during animal evolution ...

    Authors: Georg Brenneis, Gerhard Scholtz and Barbara S. Beltz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:47

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