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  1. Content type: Research article

    The maternally inherited endosymbiont Wolbachia is widespread in arthropods and nematodes and can play an important role in the ecology and evolution of its host through reproductive manipulation. Here, we survey...

    Authors: Hannes Schuler, Scott P. Egan, Glen R. Hood, Robert W. Busbee, Amanda L. Driscoe and James R. Ott

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:37

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Protein-coding genes expressed in sperm evolve at different rates. To gain deeper insight into the factors underlying this heterogeneity we examined the relative importance of a diverse set of previously descr...

    Authors: Julia Schumacher and Holger Herlyn

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:35

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Morphological convergence triggered by trophic adaptations is a common pattern in adaptive radiations. The study of shape variation in an evolutionary context is usually restricted to well-studied fish models....

    Authors: Madlen Stange, Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández, Walter Salzburger and Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:38

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It has been proposed that non-genetic inheritance could promote species fitness. Non-genetic inheritance could allow offspring to benefit from the experience of their parents, and could advocate pre-adaptation...

    Authors: Irene Adrian-Kalchhauser, Jean-Claude Walser, Michaela Schwaiger and Patricia Burkhardt-Holm

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:34

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Gyrinidae are a charismatic group of highly specialized beetles, adapted for a unique lifestyle of swimming on the water surface. They prey on drowning insects and other small arthropods caught in the surface ...

    Authors: Evgeny V. Yan, Rolf G. Beutel and John F. Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:33

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The CEA gene family is one of the most rapidly evolving gene families in the human genome. The founder gene of the family is thought to be an ancestor of the inhibitory immune checkpoint molecule CEACAM1. Compreh...

    Authors: Sophie Mißbach, Denis Aleksic, Lisa Blaschke, Timm Hassemer, Kyung Jin Lee, Martin Mansfeld, Jana Hänske, Johannes Handler and Robert Kammerer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:32

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Trypanosomatid parasites such as Trypanosoma spp. and Leishmania spp. are a major source of infectious disease in humans and domestic animals worldwide. Fundamental to the host-parasite interactions of these pote...

    Authors: Sara Silva Pereira and Andrew P. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:31

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Much evolutionary theory predicts that diversity arises via both adaptive radiation (diversification driven by selection against niche-overlap within communities) and divergence of geographically isolated popu...

    Authors: Isaac Winkler, Sonja J. Scheffer, Matthew L. Lewis, Kristina J. Ottens, Andrew P. Rasmussen, Géssica A. Gomes-Costa, Luz Maria Huerto Santillan, Marty A. Condon and Andrew A. Forbes

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:30

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Maintaining variation in immune genes, such as those of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), is important for individuals in small, isolated populations to resist pathogens and parasites. The golden snub-n...

    Authors: Pei Zhang, Kang Huang, Bingyi Zhang, Derek W. Dunn, Dan Chen, Fan Li, Xiaoguang Qi, Songtao Guo and Baoguo Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:29

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes have been used extensively to test hypotheses about microevolution and to study population structure, phylogeography, and phylogenetic relationships of Anura at various taxo...

    Authors: Jia-Yong Zhang, Le-Ping Zhang, Dan-Na Yu, Kenneth B. Storey and Rong-Quan Zheng

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:26

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Exaggerated signals, such as brilliant colours, are usually assumed to evolve through antagonistic coevolution between senders and receivers, but the underlying genetic mechanisms are rarely known. Here we exp...

    Authors: Hanlu Twyman, Staffan Andersson and Nicholas I. Mundy

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:22

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Species recognition, i.e., the ability to distinguish conspecifics from heterospecifics, plays an essential role in reproduction. The role of facial cues for species recognition has been investigated in severa...

    Authors: Hanitriniaina Rakotonirina, Peter M. Kappeler and Claudia Fichtel

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:19

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Due to the DNA triplet code, it is possible that the sequences of two or more protein-coding genes overlap to a large degree. However, such non-trivial overlaps are usually excluded by genome annotation pipeli...

    Authors: Sarah M. Hücker, Sonja Vanderhaeghen, Isabel Abellan-Schneyder, Romy Wecko, Svenja Simon, Siegfried Scherer and Klaus Neuhaus

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:21

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Mountains have not only provided refuge for species, but also offered dispersal corridors during the Neogene and Quaternary global climate changes. Compared with a plethora of studies on the refuge role of Chi...

    Authors: Shuang Tian, Yixuan Kou, Zhirong Zhang, Lin Yuan, Derong Li, Jordi López-Pujol, Dengmei Fan and Zhiyong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:20

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Life diversifies via adaptive radiation when natural selection drives the evolution of ecologically distinct species mediated by their access to novel niche space, or via non-adaptive radiation when new specie...

    Authors: Ashley M. Reaney, Mónica Saldarriaga-Córdoba and Daniel Pincheira-Donoso

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:16

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The breeding consequences of virus infections have rarely been studied in avian natural breeding populations. In this paper we investigated the links between humoral immunity following a natural flavivirus inf...

    Authors: Tanja M. Strand, Åke Lundkvist, Björn Olsen and Lars Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:13

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The application of target capture with next-generation sequencing now enables phylogenomic analyses of rapidly radiating clades of species. But such analyses are complicated by extensive incomplete lineage sor...

    Authors: Jason G. Bragg, Sally Potter, Ana C. Afonso Silva, Conrad J. Hoskin, Benjamin Y. H. Bai and Craig Moritz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:15

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Marine threespine sticklebacks colonized and adapted to brackish and freshwater environments since the last Pleistocene glacial. Throughout the Holarctic, three lateral plate morphs are observed; the low, part...

    Authors: Kjartan Østbye, Annette Taugbøl, Mark Ravinet, Chris Harrod, Ruben Alexander Pettersen, Louis Bernatchez and Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:14

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The Wnt signaling pathway is uniquely metazoan and used in many processes during development, including the formation of polarity and body axes. In sponges, one of the earliest diverging animal groups, Wnt pat...

    Authors: Pamela J. Windsor Reid, Eugueni Matveev, Alexandra McClymont, Dora Posfai, April L. Hill and Sally P. Leys

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:12

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  20. Content type: Methodology article

    The nonparametric bootstrap is widely used to measure the branch support of phylogenetic trees. However, bootstrapping is computationally expensive and remains a bottleneck in phylogenetic analyses. Recently, ...

    Authors: Diep Thi Hoang, Le Sy Vinh, Tomáš Flouri, Alexandros Stamatakis, Arndt von Haeseler and Bui Quang Minh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:11

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Universal stress proteins (USPs) are present in all domains of life. Their expression is upregulated in response to a large variety of stress conditions. The functional diversity found in this protein family, ...

    Authors: Sergio Martin Espinola, Martin Pablo Cancela, Lauís Brisolara Corrêa and Arnaldo Zaha

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:10

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Whole genome duplication plays a central role in plant evolution. There are two main classes of polyploid formation: autopolyploids which arise within one species by doubling of similar homologous genomes; in ...

    Authors: Jonna S. Eriksson, Filipe de Sousa, Yann J. K. Bertrand, Alexandre Antonelli, Bengt Oxelman and Bernard E. Pfeil

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:9

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Antennae are multi-segmented appendages and main odor-sensing organs in insects. In Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies), antennal morphologies have diversified according to their ecological requirements. While...

    Authors: Toshiya Ando, Haruhiko Fujiwara and Tetsuya Kojima

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Fungal plant pathogens secrete a large arsenal of hydrolytic enzymes during the course of infection, including peptidases. Secreted peptidases have been extensively studied for their role as effectors. In this...

    Authors: Parvathy Krishnan, Xin Ma, Bruce A. McDonald and Patrick C. Brunner

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:7

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Population genetics theory predicts an important role of differences in the effective population size (N e ) among species on shaping the accumulation of functional mutations...

    Authors: Jianhai Chen, Pan Ni, Xinyun Li, Jianlin Han, Ivan Jakovlić, Chengjun Zhang and Shuhong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:4

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The genomes of all vertebrates harbor remnants of ancient retroviral infections, having affected the germ line cells during the last 100 million years. These sequences, named Endogenous Retroviruses (ERVs), ha...

    Authors: Nicole Grandi, Marta Cadeddu, Jonas Blomberg, Jens Mayer and Enzo Tramontano

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:6

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Tracking newly emergent virulent populations in agroecosystems provides an opportunity to increase our understanding of the co-evolution dynamics of pathogens and their hosts. On the one hand host plants exert...

    Authors: Monika Michalecka, Sylwester Masny, Thibault Leroy and Joanna Puławska

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:5

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Maleness in mammals is genetically determined by the Y chromosome. On the Y chromosome SRY is known as the mammalian male-determining gene. Both placental mammals (Eutheria) and marsupial mammals (Metatheria) hav...

    Authors: Yukako Katsura, Hiroko X. Kondo, Janelle Ryan, Vincent Harley and Yoko Satta

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:3

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Neo-sex chromosome systems arose independently multiple times in evolution, presenting the remarkable characteristic of repetitive DNAs accumulation. Among grasshoppers, occurrence of neo-XY was repeatedly not...

    Authors: Octavio M. Palacios-Gimenez, Diogo Milani, Bernardo Lemos, Elio R. Castillo, Dardo A. Martí, Erica Ramos, Cesar Martins and Diogo C. Cabral-de-Mello

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:2

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  30. Content type: Database

    The thousands of species of closely related cichlid fishes in the great lakes of East Africa are a powerful model for understanding speciation and the genetic basis of trait variation. Recently, the genomes of...

    Authors: Ajay Ramakrishnan Varadarajan, Rohini Mopuri, J. Todd Streelman and Patrick T. McGrath

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:1

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  31. Content type: Research

    The species relationships within the genus Linum have already been studied several times by means of different molecular and phylogenetic approaches. Nevertheless, a number of ambiguities in phylogeny of Linum st...

    Authors: Nadezhda L. Bolsheva, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Ilya V. Kirov, Anna S. Speranskaya, Anastasia A. Krinitsina, Alexey A. Dmitriev, Maxim S. Belenikin, George S. Krasnov, Valentina A. Lakunina, Anastasiya V. Snezhkina, Tatiana A. Rozhmina, Tatiana E. Samatadze, Olga Yu. Yurkevich, Svyatoslav A. Zoshchuk, Аlexandra V. Amosova, Anna V. Kudryavtseva…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):253

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  32. Content type: Research

    Microbial mats are a good model system for ecological and evolutionary analysis of microbial communities. There are more than 20 alkaline hot springs on the banks of the Barguzin river inflows. Water temperatu...

    Authors: Alexey Sergeevich Rozanov, Alla Victorovna Bryanskaya, Timofey Vladimirovich Ivanisenko, Tatyana Konstantinovna Malup and Sergey Evgenievich Peltek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):254

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  33. Content type: Research article

    The primary energy-producing pathway in eukaryotic cells, the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system, comprises proteins encoded by both mitochondrial and nuclear genes. To maintain the function of the OXPH...

    Authors: Yiyuan Li, Rui Zhang, Shanlin Liu, Alexander Donath, Ralph S. Peters, Jessica Ware, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis, Michael E. Pfrender and Xin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:269

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  34. Content type: Research

    Tick-borne encephalitis is caused by the neurotropic, positive-sense RNA virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). TBEV infection can lead to a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from slight fever t...

    Authors: Elena V. Ignatieva, Alexander V. Igoshin and Nikolay S. Yudin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):259

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  35. Content type: Research

    Gray whale, Eschrichtius robustus (E. robustus), is a single member of the family Eschrichtiidae, which is considered to be the most primitive in the class Cetacea. Gray whale is often described as a “living foss...

    Authors: Alexey А. Moskalev, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Alexander S. Graphodatsky, Violetta R. Beklemisheva, Natalya A. Serdyukova, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, Vadim V. Sharov, Ivan V. Kulakovskiy, Andrey S. Lando, Artem S. Kasianov, Dmitry A. Kuzmin, Yuliya A. Putintseva, Sergey I. Feranchuk, Mikhail V. Shaposhnikov, Vadim E. Fraifeld, Dmitri Toren…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):258

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  36. Content type: Research

    One of the most widespread prokaryotic symbionts of invertebrates is the intracellular bacteria of Wolbachia genus which can be found in about 50% of insect species. Wolbachia causes both parasitic and mutualisti...

    Authors: Nataly Е. Gruntenko, Yury Yu. Ilinsky, Natalya V. Adonyeva, Elena V. Burdina, Roman A. Bykov, Petr N. Menshanov and Inga Yu. Rauschenbach

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17(Suppl 2):252

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 17 Supplement 2

  37. Content type: Research article

    Tumour progression involves a series of phenotypic changes to cancer cells, each of which presents therapeutic targets. Here, using techniques adapted from microbial experimental evolution, we investigate the ...

    Authors: Tiffany B. Taylor, Anastasia V. Wass, Louise J. Johnson and Phil Dash

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:268

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have begun to reveal the complex evolutionary and biogeographic histories of mainland anoles in Central America, but the origins and relationships of many taxa remain poorly understood. One such...

    Authors: Erich P. Hofmann and Josiah H. Townsend

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:267

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Chelicerata represents a vast clade of mostly predatory arthropods united by a distinctive body plan throughout the Phanerozoic. Their origins, however, with respect to both their ancestral morphological featu...

    Authors: Cédric Aria and Jean-Bernard Caron

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:261

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:78

  40. Content type: Research article

    Populations of herbivorous insects may become genetically differentiated because of local adaptation to different hosts and climates as well as historical processes, and further genetic divergence may occur fo...

    Authors: You-Zhu Wang, Bing-Yan Li, Ary Anthony Hoffmann, Li-Jun Cao, Ya-Jun Gong, Wei Song, Jia-Ying Zhu and Shu-Jun Wei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:265

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Parental care, while increasing parental fitness through offspring survival, also bears cost to the care-giving parent. Consequentially, trade offs between parental care and other vitally important traits, suc...

    Authors: Isabel S. Keller, Walter Salzburger and Olivia Roth

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:264

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