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  1. Synbranchidae or swamp eels are fishes belonging to the order Synbranchiformes that occur in both freshwater and occasionally in brackish. They are worldwide distributed in tropical and subtropical rivers of f...

    Authors: Weerayuth Supiwong, Krit Pinthong, Kriengkrai Seetapan, Pasakorn Saenjundaeng, Luiz A. C. Bertollo, Ezequiel A. de Oliveira, Cassia F. Yano, Thomas Liehr, Sumalee Phimphan, Alongklod Tanomtong and Marcelo B Cioffi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Frizzled family members belong to G-protein coupled receptors and encode proteins accountable for cell signal transduction, cell proliferation and cell death. Members of Frizzled receptor family are considered...

    Authors: Suman Seemab, Nashaiman Pervaiz, Rabail Zehra, Saneela Anwar, Yiming Bao and Amir Ali Abbasi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:72

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Medullary bone (MB) is an estrogen-dependent, sex-specific tissue produced by female birds during lay and inferred to be present in extinct avemetatarsalians (bird-line archosaurs). Although preliminary studie...

    Authors: Aurore Canoville, Mary H. Schweitzer and Lindsay E. Zanno

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:71

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Much of the debate over the evolutionary consequences of hybridization on genetic divergence and speciation results from the breakdown or reinforcement of reproductive barriers in secondary hybrid zones. Among...

    Authors: Wan-Jin Liao, Bi-Ru Zhu, Yue-Fei Li, Xiao-Meng Li, Yan-Fei Zeng and Da-Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:70

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Spiny mice of the genus Acomys are distributed mainly in dry open habitats in Africa and the Middle East, and they are widely used as model taxa for various biological disciplines (e.g. ecology, physiology and ev...

    Authors: T. Aghová, K. Palupčíková, R. Šumbera, D. Frynta, L. A. Lavrenchenko, Y. Meheretu, J. Sádlová, J. Votýpka, J. S. Mbau, D. Modrý and J. Bryja

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The molecular basis of the incipient stage of speciation is still poorly understood. Cichlid fish species in Lake Victoria are a prime example of recent speciation events and a suitable system to study the ada...

    Authors: Shohei Takuno, Ryutaro Miyagi, Jun-ichi Onami, Shiho Takahashi-Kariyazono, Akie Sato, Herbert Tichy, Masato Nikaido, Mitsuto Aibara, Shinji Mizoiri, Hillary D. J. Mrosso, Semvua I. Mzighani, Norihiro Okada and Yohey Terai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. β-Amylases (BAMs) are a multigene family of glucan hydrolytic enzymes playing a key role not only for plant biology but also for many industrial applications, such as the malting process in the brewing and dis...

    Authors: Matthias Thalmann, Mario Coiro, Tiago Meier, Thomas Wicker, Samuel C. Zeeman and Diana Santelia

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. In species that reproduce with sexual reproduction, males and females often have opposite strategies to maximize their own fitness. For instance, males are typically expected to maximize their number of mating...

    Authors: Margot Fortin, Joël Meunier, Tiffany Laverré, Catherine Souty-Grosset and Freddie-Jeanne Richard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:65

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Despite attempts in retracing the history of the Thao people in Taiwan using folktales, linguistics, physical anthropology, and ethnic studies, their history remains incomplete. The heritage of Thao has been a...

    Authors: Jean A. Trejaut, Frank Muyard, Ying-Hui Lai, Lan-Rong Chen, Zong-Sian Chen, Jun-Hun Loo, Jin-Yuan Huang and Marie Lin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:212

  10. The plastid is a semiautonomous organelle with its own genome. Plastid genomes have been widely used as models for studying phylogeny, speciation and adaptive evolution. However, most studies focus on comparis...

    Authors: Zhang-Hai Li, Xiao Ma, De-Yi Wang, Yun-Xia Li, Cheng-Wang Wang and Xiao-Hua Jin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:63

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Examples of rapid evolution are common in nature but difficult to account for with the standard population genetic model of adaptation. Instead, selection from the standing genetic variation permits rapid adap...

    Authors: David I. Dayan, Xiao Du, Tara Z. Baris, Dominique N. Wagner, Douglas L. Crawford and Marjorie F. Oleksiak

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. The most effective learning occurs during sensitive periods. Olfactory plasticity to main social olfactory cues is limited to a critical period to a large degree. The objective was to evaluate the influence of...

    Authors: Elena Kotenkova, Alex Romachenko, Alexander Ambaryan and Aleksei Maltsev

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  13. Many earthworm species demonstrate significant cryptic diversity, with several highly diverged mitochondrial lineages found within most of the taxa studied to date. The status of differences between these line...

    Authors: Sergei V. Shekhovtsov, Nikita I. Ershov, Gennady V. Vasiliev and Sergey E. Peltek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  14. Members of different sections of the genus Linum are characterized by wide variability in size, morphology and number of chromosomes in karyotypes. Since such variability is determined mainly by the amount and co...

    Authors: Nadezhda L. Bolsheva, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Ilya V. Kirov, Alexey A. Dmitriev, George S. Krasnov, Аlexandra V. Amosova, Tatiana E. Samatadze, Olga Yu. Yurkevich, Svyatoslav A. Zoshchuk, Anna V. Kudryavtseva and Olga V. Muravenko

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  15. Maternally inherited Wolbachia symbionts infect D. melanogaster populations worldwide. Infection rates vary greatly. Genetic diversity of Wolbachia in D. melanogaster can be subdivided into several closely relate...

    Authors: Roman А. Bykov, Maria A. Yudina, Nataly E. Gruntenko, Ilya K. Zakharov, Marina A. Voloshina, Elena S. Melashchenko, Maria V. Danilova, Ilia O. Mazunin and Yury Yu. Ilinsky

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  16. Heterotachy is the variation in the evolutionary rate of aligned sites in different parts of the phylogenetic tree. It occurs mainly due to epistatic interactions among the substitutions, which are highly comp...

    Authors: Anastasia A. Kuzminkova, Anastasia D. Sokol, Kristina E. Ushakova, Konstantin Yu. Popadin and Konstantin V. Gunbin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  17. Gap junctions (GJ) are one of the most common forms of intercellular communication. GJs are assembled from proteins that form channels connecting the cytoplasm of adjacent cells. They are considered to be the ...

    Authors: Georgy A. Slivko-Koltchik, Victor P. Kuznetsov and Yuri V. Panchin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  18. The members of the Triticeae tribe are characterised by the presence of orthologous and homoeologous gene copies regulating flavonoid biosynthesis. Among transcription factors constituting a regulatory MBW com...

    Authors: Ksenia V. Strygina and Elena K. Khlestkina

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  19. The continuity of behavioral responses in the traits of offspring can be interpreted ambiguously because animal behavior can be transmitted from generation to generation genetically or can be trained. Inherita...

    Authors: Marina Vladimirovna Rutovskaya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  20. The C-C motif chemokine ligand 16 (CCL16) is a potent pro-inflammatory chemokine and a chemoattractant for monocytes and lymphocytes. In normal plasma, it is present at high concentrations and elicits its effe...

    Authors: Fabiana Neves, Joana Abrantes, Ana M. Lopes, Luciana A. Fusinatto, Maria J. Magalhães, Wessel van der Loo and Pedro J. Esteves

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are taxonomically pervasive strategies adopted by individuals to maximize reproductive success within populations. Even for conditionally-dependent traits, consensus pos...

    Authors: K. A. Stewart, R. Draaijer, M. R. Kolasa and I. M. Smallegange

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Sex-determining systems may profoundly influence the ecology, behaviour and demography of animals, yet these relationships are poorly understood. Here we investigate whether species with temperature-dependent ...

    Authors: Veronika Bókony, Gregory Milne, Ivett Pipoly, Tamás Székely and András Liker

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:57

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  23. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors notified us of an error in the Results section of the Abstract. The original article has been corrected.

    Authors: Jahnavi Joshi and Gregory D. Edgecombe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:56

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:41

  24. Micro RNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs, have been implicated in various aspects of plant development. miR394 is required for shoot apical meristem organization, stem cell maintenance and abiotic...

    Authors: Ashutosh Kumar, Vibhav Gautam, Pramod Kumar, Shalini Mukherjee, Swati Verma and Ananda K. Sarkar

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:55

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The evolutionary history of a species is frequently derived from molecular sequences, and the resulting phylogenetic trees do not include explicit functional information. Here, we aimed to assess the functiona...

    Authors: Agustín Estrada-Peña and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. DNA barcoding utilises a standardised region of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene to identify specimens to the species level. It has proven to be an effective tool for identification of avian samples. The uni...

    Authors: Jacqueline Tizard, Selina Patel, John Waugh, Erika Tavares, Tjard Bergmann, Brian Gill, Janette Norman, Les Christidis, Paul Scofield, Oliver Haddrath, Allan Baker, David Lambert and Craig Millar

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. It has been suggested that climate change will lead to increased environmental fluctuations, which will undoubtedly have evolutionary consequences for all biota. For instance, fluctuations can directly increas...

    Authors: Kati Saarinen, Leena Lindström and Tarmo Ketola

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Understanding the relative influence of vicariance and dispersal in shaping Old World tropical biodiversity remains a challenge. We aimed to infer the roles of these alternative biogeographic processes using a...

    Authors: Jahnavi Joshi and Gregory D. Edgecombe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:41

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:56

  29. During the modern human expansion, new environmental pressures may have driven adaptation, especially in genes related to the perception of ingested substances and their detoxification. Consequently, positive ...

    Authors: Begoña Dobon, Carla Rossell, Sandra Walsh and Jaume Bertranpetit

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Many physiological processes are influenced by nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), ranging from neuromuscular and parasympathetic signaling to modulation of the reward system and long-term memory. Due t...

    Authors: Julia E. Pedersen, Christina A. Bergqvist and Dan Larhammar

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Morphological diversity of limb bone lengths, diameters, and proportions in mammals is known to vary strongly with locomotor habit. It remains less well known how different locomotor habits are correlated with...

    Authors: Brandon M. Kilbourne and John R. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. At the very end of the larval stage Drosophila expectorate a glue secreted by their salivary glands to attach themselves to a substrate while pupariating. The glue is a mixture of apparently unrelated proteins, s...

    Authors: Jean-Luc Da Lage, Gregg W. C. Thomas, Magalie Bonneau and Virginie Courtier-Orgogozo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Among the four bases, guanine is the most susceptible to damage from oxidative stress. Replication of DNA containing damaged guanines results in G to T mutations. Therefore, the mutations resulting from oxidat...

    Authors: Sidra Aslam, Xin-Ran Lan, Bo-Wen Zhang, Zheng-Lin Chen, Li Wang and Deng-Ke Niu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. For over 50 years, attempts have been made to introgress agronomically useful traits from Erianthus sect. Ripidium (Tripidium) species into sugarcane based on both genera being part of the ‘Saccharum Complex’, an...

    Authors: Dyfed Lloyd Evans, Shailesh V. Joshi and Jianping Wang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Phenotypic plasticity is a pervasive property of all organisms and considered to be of key importance for dealing with environmental variation. Plastic responses to temperature, which is one of the most import...

    Authors: Kristin Franke, Isabell Karl, Tonatiuh Pena Centeno, Barbara Feldmeyer, Christian Lassek, Vicencio Oostra, Katharina Riedel, Mario Stanke, Christopher W. Wheat and Klaus Fischer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:32

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The gene for odontogenic ameloblast-associated (ODAM) is a member of the secretory calcium-binding phosphoprotein gene family. ODAM is primarily expressed in dental tissues including the enamel organ and the junc...

    Authors: Mark S. Springer, Christopher A. Emerling, John Gatesy, Jason Randall, Matthew A. Collin, Nikolai Hecker, Michael Hiller and Frédéric Delsuc

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:31

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Caecilians (Gymnophiona) are the least speciose extant lissamphibian order, yet living forms capture approximately 250 million years of evolution since their earliest divergences. This long history is reflecte...

    Authors: Carla Bardua, Mark Wilkinson, David J. Gower, Emma Sherratt and Anjali Goswami

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Plukenetia is a small pantropical genus of lianas and vines with variably sized edible oil-rich seeds that presents an ideal system to investigate neotropical and pantropical diversification patterns and seed siz...

    Authors: Warren M. Cardinal-McTeague, Kenneth J. Wurdack, Erin M. Sigel and Lynn J. Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The polyamine oxidases (PAOs) catabolize the oxidative deamination of the polyamines (PAs) spermine (Spm) and spermidine (Spd). Most of the phylogenetic studies performed to analyze the plant PAO family took i...

    Authors: Cesar Daniel Bordenave, Carolina Granados Mendoza, Juan Francisco Jiménez Bremont, Andrés Gárriz and Andrés Alberto Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:28

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The plasminogen (PLG) activation system is composed by a series of serine proteases, inhibitors and several binding proteins, which together control the temporal and spatial generation of the active serine pro...

    Authors: Andrés Chana-Muñoz, Agnieszka Jendroszek, Malene Sønnichsen, Tobias Wang, Michael Ploug, Jan K. Jensen, Peter A. Andreasen, Christian Bendixen and Frank Panitz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. ALRs (AIM2-like Receptors) are germline encoded PRRs that belong to PYHIN gene family of cytokines, which are having signature N-terminal PYD (Pyrin, PAAD or DAPIN) domain and C-terminal HIN-200 (hematopoietic, i...

    Authors: Sushil Kumar, Jatinder Singh Chera, Ashutosh Vats and Sachinandan De

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Western house mice Mus musculus domesticus are among the most important mammalian model species for chromosomal speciation. Hybrids between chromosomal races of M. m. domesticus suffer various degrees of fertilit...

    Authors: Sofia A. Grize, Elodie Wilwert, Jeremy B. Searle and Anna K. Lindholm

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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