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  1. Content type: Research article

    A deep divergence of mitochondrial DNA is common in species delimitated by morphological traits. Several hypotheses can explain such variations, such as cryptic species, introgression, allopatric divergence an...

    Authors: Chuanyin Dai, Yan Hao, Yong He and Fumin Lei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:266

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Invasive mosquito species are responsible for millions of vector-borne disease cases annually. The global invasive success of Aedes mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus has relied on the human tr...

    Authors: John Soghigian, Theodore G. Andreadis and Todd P. Livdahl

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:262

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Xenoturbella is a group of marine benthic animals lacking an anus and a centralized nervous system. Molecular phylogenetic analyses group the animal together with the Acoelomorpha, forming th...

    Authors: Hiroaki Nakano, Hideyuki Miyazawa, Akiteru Maeno, Toshihiko Shiroishi, Keiichi Kakui, Ryo Koyanagi, Miyuki Kanda, Noriyuki Satoh, Akihito Omori and Hisanori Kohtsuka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:245

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:83

  4. Content type: Research Article

    The Na,K-ATPase is a vital animal cell-membrane protein that maintains the cell’s resting potential, among other functions. Cardenolides, a group of potent plant toxins, bind to and inhibit this pump. The gene...

    Authors: Jennifer N. Lohr, Fee Meinzer, Safaa Dalla, Renja Romey-Glüsing and Susanne Dobler

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:256

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Genes encoding proteins underlying host-pathogen co-evolution and which are selected for new resistance specificities frequently are under positive selection, a process that maintains diversity. Here, we teste...

    Authors: Mariana Mondragón-Palomino, Remco Stam, Ajay John-Arputharaj and Thomas Dresselhaus

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:255

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Characterizations of the dynamics of hybrid zones in space and time can give insights about traits and processes important in population divergence and speciation. We characterized a hybrid zone between tanage...

    Authors: Andrea Morales-Rozo, Elkin A. Tenorio, Matthew D. Carling and Carlos Daniel Cadena

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:257

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Morphological divergences of snake retinal structure point to complex evolutionary processes and adaptations. The Colubridae family has a remarkable variety of retinal structure that can range from all-cone an...

    Authors: E. Hauzman, D. M. O. Bonci, E. Y. Suárez-Villota, M. Neitz and D. F. Ventura

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:249

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Rates of morphological evolution vary across different taxonomic groups, and this has been proposed as one of the main drivers for the great diversity of organisms on Earth. Of the extrinsic factors pertaining...

    Authors: Emma Sherratt, Jeanne M. Serb and Dean C. Adams

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:248

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The underlying mechanisms and processes that prompt the colonisation of extreme environments, such as caves, constitute major research themes of evolutionary biology and biospeleology. The special adaptations ...

    Authors: Jorge L. Pérez-Moreno, Gergely Balázs, Blake Wilkins, Gábor Herczeg and Heather D. Bracken-Grissom

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:247

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Long-term survival in isolated marginal seas of the China coast during the late Pleistocene ice ages is widely believed to be an important historical factor contributing to population genetic structure in coas...

    Authors: Jing-Jing Li, Zi-Min Hu, Zhong-Min Sun, Jian-Ting Yao, Fu-Li Liu, Pablo Fresia and De-Lin Duan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:246

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    The glacial-interglacial cycles in the Pleistocene caused repeated range expansion and contraction of species in several regions in the world. However, it remains uncertain whether such climate oscillations ha...

    Authors: Feng Dong, Chih-Ming Hung, Xin-Lei Li, Jian-Yun Gao, Qiang Zhang, Fei Wu, Fu-Min Lei, Shou-Hsien Li and Xiao-Jun Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:244

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The volvocine lineage, containing unicellular Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and differentiated multicellular Volvox carteri, is a powerful model for comparative studies aiming at understanding emergence of multicellu...

    Authors: Yoko Arakaki, Takayuki Fujiwara, Hiroko Kawai-Toyooka, Kaoru Kawafune, Jonathan Featherston, Pierre M. Durand, Shin-ya Miyagishima and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:243

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although most extant animals have separate sexes, simultaneous hermaphrodites can be found in lineages throughout the animal kingdom. However, the sexual modes of key ancestral nodes including the last common ...

    Authors: Daniel A. Sasson and Joseph F. Ryan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:242

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Ancient Di-Qiang people once resided in the Ganqing region of China, adjacent to the Central Plain area from where Han Chinese originated. While gene flow between the Di-Qiang and Han Chinese has been proposed...

    Authors: Jiawei Li, Wen Zeng, Ye Zhang, Albert Min-Shan Ko, Chunxiang Li, Hong Zhu, Qiaomei Fu and Hui Zhou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:239

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly bet...

    Authors: Rajiv K. Parvathaneni, Victoria L. DeLeo, John J. Spiekerman, Debkanta Chakraborty and Katrien M. Devos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:238

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The transition to a parasitic lifestyle entails comprehensive changes to the selective regime. In parasites, genes encoding for traits that facilitate host detection, exploitation and transmission should be un...

    Authors: B. Feldmeyer, D. Elsner, A. Alleman and S. Foitzik

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:237

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  17. Content type: Research article

    An important feature of eukaryotic evolution is metabolic compartmentalization, in which certain pathways are restricted to the cytosol or specific organelles. Glycolysis in eukaryotes is described as a cytoso...

    Authors: Melania Abrahamian, Meenakshi Kagda, Audrey M. V. Ah-Fong and Howard S. Judelson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:241

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The classification of closely related plants is not straightforward. These morphologically similar taxa frequently maintain their inter-hybridization potential and share ancestral polymorphisms as a consequenc...

    Authors: Ana Lúcia A. Segatto, Maikel Reck-Kortmann, Caroline Turchetto and Loreta B. Freitas

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:234

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The oviparity-viviparity transition is a major evolutionary event, likely altering the reproductive process of the organisms involved. Residual yolk, a portion of yolk remaining unutilized at hatching or birth...

    Authors: Yan-Qing Wu, Yan-Fu Qu, Xue-Ji Wang, Jian-Fang Gao and Xiang Ji

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:235

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Debilitating skin infestations caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, have a profound impact on human and animal health globally. In Australia, this impact is evident across different segments of Australian socie...

    Authors: Tamieka A. Fraser, Renfu Shao, Nicholas M. Fountain-Jones, Michael Charleston, Alynn Martin, Pam Whiteley, Roz Holme, Scott Carver and Adam Polkinghorne

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:233

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The Cas4 family endonuclease is a component of the adaptation module in many variants of CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity systems. Unlike most of the other Cas proteins, Cas4 is often encoded outside CRISPR-cas loci ...

    Authors: Sanjarbek Hudaiberdiev, Sergey Shmakov, Yuri I. Wolf, Michael P. Terns, Kira S. Makarova and Eugene V. Koonin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:232

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Due to their great species and ecological diversity as well as their capacity to produce hundreds of different toxins, cone snails are of interest to evolutionary biologists, pharmacologists and amateur natura...

    Authors: Samuel Abalde, Manuel J. Tenorio, Carlos M. L. Afonso, Juan E. Uribe, Ana M. Echeverry and Rafael Zardoya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:231

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The Neotropical Region is known for its biodiversity and ranks third in number of known termite species. However, biogeographic and phylogeographic information of termites of this region is limited compared to...

    Authors: Amanda de Faria Santos, Tiago Fernandes Carrijo, Eliana Marques Cancello and Adriana Coletto Morales-Corrêa e Castro

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:230

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Siglecs-11 and -16 are members of the sialic acid recognizing Ig-like lectin family, and expressed in same cells. Siglec-11 functions as an inhibitory receptor, whereas Siglec-16 exhibits activating properties...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Hayakawa, Zahra Khedri, Flavio Schwarz, Corinna Landig, Suh-Yuen Liang, Hai Yu, Xi Chen, Naoko T. Fujito, Yoko Satta, Ajit Varki and Takashi Angata

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:228

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Organisms living at high altitudes face low oxygen and temperature conditions; thus, the genetic mechanisms underlying the adaptations in these organisms merit investigation. The glyptosternoid fish, Creteuchilog...

    Authors: Jingliang Kang, Xiuhui Ma and Shunping He

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:229

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Genetically divergent cryptic species are frequently detected by molecular methods. These discoveries are often a byproduct of molecular barcoding studies in which fragments of a selected marker are used for s...

    Authors: Anne Thielsch, Alexis Knell, Ali Mohammadyari, Adam Petrusek and Klaus Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:227

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Longwing butterflies, Heliconius sp., also called heliconians, are striking examples of diversity and mimicry in butterflies. Heliconians feature strongly colored patterns on their wings, arising from wing scales...

    Authors: Bodo D. Wilts, Aidan J. M. Vey, Adriana D. Briscoe and Doekele G. Stavenga

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:226

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Phylactolaemata is commonly regarded the earliest branch within Bryozoa and thus the sister group to the other bryozoan taxa, Cyclostomata and Gymnolaemata. Therefore, the taxon is important for the reconstruc...

    Authors: Natalie Gawin, Andreas Wanninger and Thomas Schwaha

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:225

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  29. Content type: Methodology article

    Primulina Hance is an emerging model for studying evolutionary divergence, adaptation and speciation of the karst flora. However, phylogenetic relationships within the genus have not b...

    Authors: Chao Feng, Meizhen Xu, Chen Feng, Eric J. B. von Wettberg and Ming Kang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:224

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A range of higher animal taxa are shared across various chemosynthesis-based ecosystems (CBEs), which demonstrates the evolutionary link between these habitats, but on a global scale the number of species inha...

    Authors: Mari H. Eilertsen, Jon A. Kongsrud, Tom Alvestad, Josefin Stiller, Greg W. Rouse and Hans T. Rapp

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:222

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Grass powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis, Ascomycota) is a major pathogen of cereal crops and has become a model organism for obligate biotrophic fungal pathogens of plants. The sequenced genomes of two formae spe...

    Authors: Fabrizio Menardo, Coraline R. Praz, Thomas Wicker and Beat Keller

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:223

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The impact of predator-prey interactions on the evolution of many marine invertebrates is poorly understood. Since barriers to genetic exchange are less obvious in the marine realm than in terrestrial or fresh...

    Authors: Jessica A. Goodheart, Adam L. Bazinet, Ángel Valdés, Allen G. Collins and Michael P. Cummings

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:221

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Interspecies animal hybrids can employ clonal or hemiclonal reproduction modes where one or all parental genomes are transmitted to the progeny without recombination. Nevertheless, some interspecies hybrids re...

    Authors: Dmitry Dedukh, Spartak Litvinchuk, Juriy Rosanov, Dmitry Shabanov and Alla Krasikova

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:220

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  34. Content type: Review

    Recently, important discoveries regarding the archaeon that functioned as the “host” in the merger with a bacterium that led to the eukaryotes, its “complex” nature, and its phylogenetic relationship to eukary...

    Authors: P.T.S. van der Gulik, W.D. Hoff and D. Speijer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:218

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The Spiralia are a large, morphologically diverse group of protostomes (e.g. molluscs, annelids, nemerteans) that share a homologous mode of early development called spiral cleavage. One of the most highly-con...

    Authors: Deirdre C. Lyons, Kimberly J. Perry and Jonathan Q. Henry

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:217

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Species with broad distributions frequently divide into multiple genetic forms and may therefore be viewed as “cryptic species”. Here, we used the mitochondrial cytochrome b (Cytb) and 12 nuclear DNA loci to inve...

    Authors: Weitao Chen, Zaixuan Zhong, Wei Dai, Qi Fan and Shunping He

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:216

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Small non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs, and gene silencing mediated by RNA interference have been described in free-living and parasitic lineages of flatworms, but only few key factors of the small RNA pathwa...

    Authors: Santiago Fontenla, Gabriel Rinaldi, Pablo Smircich and Jose F. Tort

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:215

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Homoplasy affects demographic inference estimates. This effect has been recognized and corrective methods have been developed. However, no studies so far have defined what homoplasy metrics best describe the e...

    Authors: Diego Ortega-Del Vecchyo, Daniel Piñero, Lev Jardón-Barbolla and Joost van Heerwaarden

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:213

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  39. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to assess the role that Pleistocene refugia, rivers and local habitat conditions may have played in the evolutionary diversification of three central African duiker species (Cephalophus dorsalis, ...

    Authors: Stephan Ntie, Anne R. Davis, Katrin Hils, Patrick Mickala, Henri A. Thomassen, Katy Morgan, Hadrien Vanthomme, Mary K. Gonder and Nicola M. Anthony

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:212

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Pleistocene climatic fluctuations are known to be an engine of biotic diversification at higher latitudes, but their impact on highly diverse tropical areas such as the Andes remains less well-documented. Spec...

    Authors: Balaji Chattopadhyay, Kritika M. Garg, Chyi Yin Gwee, Scott V. Edwards and Frank E. Rheindt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:210

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Filamentous cyanobacteria that differentiate multiple cell types are considered the peak of prokaryotic complexity and their evolution has been studied in the context of multicellularity origins. Species that ...

    Authors: Robin Koch, Anne Kupczok, Karina Stucken, Judith Ilhan, Katrin Hammerschmidt and Tal Dagan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:209

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Segmental composition and homologies of the head of stem-group Euarthropoda have been the foci of recent studies on arthropod origins. An emerging hypothesis suggests that upper-stem group euarthropods possess...

    Authors: Peiyun Cong, Allison C. Daley, Gregory D. Edgecombe and Xianguang Hou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:208

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