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  1. Knowledge about the distribution of the genetic variation of marine species is fundamental to address species conservation and management strategies, especially in scenarios with mass mortalities. In the Medit...

    Authors: Ana Riesgo, Sergi Taboada, Rocío Pérez-Portela, Paolo Melis, Joana R. Xavier, Gema Blasco and Susanna López-Legentil

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Peninsulas often harvest high genetic diversity through repeated southward migrations of species during glacial maxima. Studies addressing within-species evolutionary responses to climate fluctuations in north...

    Authors: Michael Joseph Jowers, Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez, Euigeun Song, Samer Angelone, Taeyoung Choi, Inna Voloshina and Donggul Woo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:23

    Content type: Research article

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  3. An excess of nonsynonymous substitutions, over neutrality, is considered evidence of positive Darwinian selection. Inference for proteins often relies on estimation of the nonsynonymous to synonymous ratio (ω = d

    Authors: Katherine A. Dunn, Toby Kenney, Hong Gu and Joseph P. Bielawski

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:22

    Content type: Methodology article

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  4. Multiple Sequence Alignments (MSAs) are the starting point of molecular evolutionary analyses. Errors in MSAs generate a non-historical signal that can lead to incorrect inferences. Therefore, numerous efforts...

    Authors: Arnaud Di Franco, Raphaël Poujol, Denis Baurain and Hervé Philippe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. The Synurophyceae is one of most important photosynthetic stramenopile algal lineages in freshwater ecosystems. They are characterized by siliceous scales covering the cell or colony surface and possess plasti...

    Authors: Jong Im Kim, Hyunmoon Shin, Pavel Škaloud, Jaehee Jung, Hwan Su Yoon, John M. Archibald and Woongghi Shin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. The genetic mechanisms underlying the domestication of animals and plants have been of great interest to biologists since Darwin. To date, little is known about the global pattern of gene expression changes du...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Lei Chen, Shilai Zhang, Fengyi Hu, Zheng Wang, Jun Lyu, Bao Wang, Hui Xiang, Ruoping Zhao, Zhixi Tian, Song Ge and Wen Wang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:19

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Carpathians and the Alps are the largest mountain ranges of the European Alpine System and important centres of endemism. Among the distinctive endemic species of this area is Saxifraga wahlenbergii, a Wester...

    Authors: Natalia Tkach, Martin Röser, Tomasz Suchan, Elżbieta Cieślak, Peter Schönswetter and Michał Ronikier

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of the study was to use hybrid populations as well as island populations of the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) to explore the effect of evolutionary events, such as the post-deglaciation translocat...

    Authors: Themistoklis Giannoulis, Dimitrios Plageras, Costas Stamatis, Eleni Chatzivagia, Andreas Tsipourlianos, Periklis Birtsas, Charalambos Billinis, Franz Suchentrunk and Zissis Mamuris

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The evolution of elongated body forms in tetrapods has a strong influence on the musculoskeletal system, including the reduction of pelvic and pectoral girdles, as well as the limbs. However, despite extensive...

    Authors: Natascha Westphal, Kristin Mahlow, Jason James Head and Johannes Müller

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A central theme in (micro)biology is understanding the molecular basis of fitness i.e. which strategies are successful under which conditions; how do organisms implement such strategies at the molecular level;...

    Authors: Claire E. Price, Filipe Branco dos Santos, Anne Hesseling, Jaakko J. Uusitalo, Herwig Bachmann, Vera Benavente, Anisha Goel, Jan Berkhout, Frank J. Bruggeman, Siewert-Jan Marrink, Manolo Montalban-Lopez, Anne de Jong, Jan Kok, Douwe Molenaar, Bert Poolman, Bas Teusink…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:15

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The impressive adaptive radiation of notothenioid fishes in Antarctic waters is generally thought to have been facilitated by an evolutionary key innovation, antifreeze glycoproteins, permitting the rapid evol...

    Authors: Santiago G. Ceballos, Marius Roesti, Michael Matschiner, Daniel A. Fernández, Malte Damerau, Reinhold Hanel and Walter Salzburger

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:13

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Horizontal gene transfer and gene duplication are two major mechanisms contributing to the evolutionary adaptation of organisms. Previously, polygalacturonase genes (PGs) were independently horizontally transf...

    Authors: Pengjun Xu, Bin Lu, Jinyan Liu, Jiangtao Chao, Philip Donkersley, Robert Holdbrook and Yanhui Lu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Transposable elements (TEs) are a major component of metazoan genomes and are associated with a variety of mechanisms that shape genome architecture and evolution. Despite the ever-growing number of insect gen...

    Authors: Malte Petersen, David Armisén, Richard A. Gibbs, Lars Hering, Abderrahman Khila, Georg Mayer, Stephen Richards, Oliver Niehuis and Bernhard Misof

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:11

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Adaptive radiations are triggered by ecological opportunity – the access to novel niche domains with abundant available resources that facilitate the formation of new ecologically divergent species. Therefore,...

    Authors: Joshua W. Lambert, Martin Reichard and Daniel Pincheira-Donoso

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Chasmataspidids are a rare group of chelicerate arthropods known from 12 species assigned to ten genera, with a geologic range extending from the Ordovician to the Devonian. The Late Ordovician (Richmondian) f...

    Authors: James C. Lamsdell, Gerald O. Gunderson and Ronald C. Meyer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:8

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Morphological diversity among closely related animals can be the result of differing growth patterns. The Australian radiation of agamid lizards (Amphibolurinae) exhibits great ecological and morphological div...

    Authors: Jaimi A. Gray, Emma Sherratt, Mark N. Hutchinson and Marc E. H. Jones

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:7

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Clupeid fisheries in Lake Tanganyika (East Africa) provide food for millions of people in one of the world’s poorest regions. Due to climate change and overfishing, the clupeid stocks of Lake Tanganyika are de...

    Authors: Els L. R. De Keyzer, Zoë De Corte, Maarten Van Steenberge, Joost A. M. Raeymaekers, Federico C. F. Calboli, Nikol Kmentová, Théophile N’Sibula Mulimbwa, Massimiliano Virgilio, Carl Vangestel, Pascal Masilya Mulungula, Filip A. M. Volckaert and Maarten P. M. Vanhove

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:6

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Geographical isolation combined with historical climatic fluctuations have been identified as two major factors that contribute to the formation of new species. On the other hand, biotic factors such as compet...

    Authors: Yunxiang Liu, Christopher H. Dietrich and Cong Wei

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Septins are cytoskeletal proteins important in cell division and in establishing and maintaining cell polarity. Although septins are found in various eukaryotes, septin genes had the richest history of duplica...

    Authors: Benjamin Auxier, Jaclyn Dee, Mary L. Berbee and Michelle Momany

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:4

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The lake deposits of the informal Ruby Paper Shale unit, part of the Renova Formation of Montana, have yielded abundant plant fossils that document Late Eocene – Early Oligocene global cooling in western North...

    Authors: Tobin L. Hieronymus, David A. Waugh and Julia A. Clarke

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:3

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) are essential for adaptive immune response in vertebrates, as they encode receptors that recognize peptides derived from the processing of intracellular (MHC...

    Authors: Piotr Minias, Ewa Pikus and Dariusz Anderwald

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:2

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Climate oscillation may have a profound effect on species distributions, gene flow patterns and population demography. In response to environmental change, those species restricted to montane habitats experien...

    Authors: Tao Pan, Hui Wang, Pablo Orozcoterwengel, Chao-Chao Hu, Gui-You Wu, Li-Fu Qian, Zhong-Lou Sun, Wen-Bo Shi, Peng Yan, Xiao-Bing Wu and Bao-Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:1

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Social insects are among the most serious invasive pests in the world, particularly successful at monopolizing environmental resources to outcompete native species and achieve ecological dominance. The invasiv...

    Authors: Pierre-André Eyer, Bryant McDowell, Laura N. L. Johnson, Luis A. Calcaterra, Maria Belen Fernandez, DeWayne Shoemaker, Robert T. Puckett and Edward L. Vargo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:209

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The diversity and phylogeny of whitefish of the genus Coregonus is complex, and includes many endemic species of high conservation concern. However, because of commercial importance of whitefish fisheries, stocki...

    Authors: Thomas Mehner, Kirsten Pohlmann, David Bittner and Jörg Freyhof

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Several lineages of herbivorous mammals have evolved hypsodont cheek teeth to increase the functional lifespan of their dentition. While the selective drivers of this trend and the developmental processes invo...

    Authors: Carsten Witzel, Uwe Kierdorf, Kai Frölich and Horst Kierdorf

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Following publication of the original article

    Authors: Diushi Keri Corona-Santiago, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez, Llanet Tovar-Mora, José Ramón Pardos-Blas, Yvonne Herrerías-Diego, Rodolfo Pérez-Rodríguez and Ignacio Doadrio

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:206

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:173

  27. The Sox family of transcription factors is an important part of the genetic ‘toolbox’ of all metazoans examined to date and is known to play important developmental roles in vertebrates and insects. However, o...

    Authors: Christian L. Bonatto Paese, Daniel J. Leite, Anna Schönauer, Alistair P. McGregor and Steven Russell

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Oligoadenylate synthetases (OASs) are widely distributed in Metazoa including sponges, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals and show large variation, with one to twelve members in any given species. Upon double-s...

    Authors: Jiaxiang Hu, Xiaoxue Wang, Yanling Xing, Enguang Rong, Mengfei Ning, Jacqueline Smith and Yinhua Huang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The family of D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases (2HADHs) contains a wide range of oxidoreductases with various metabolic roles as well as biotechnological applications. Despite a vast amount of bi...

    Authors: Dorota Matelska, Ivan G. Shabalin, Jagoda Jabłońska, Marcin J. Domagalski, Jan Kutner, Krzysztof Ginalski and Wladek Minor

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:221

  30. Dictyostelid cellular slime molds (dictyostelids) are common inhabitants of the soil and leaf litter layer of fields and forests, along with animal dung, where they feed mostly on bacteria. However, reports on...

    Authors: Eduardo Vadell, James C. Cavender, John C. Landolt, Allison L. Perrigo, Pu Liu and Steven L. Stephenson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:198

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Seminal plasma proteins are associated with successful fertilization. However, their evolutionary correlation with fertilization mechanisms remains unclear. Cichlids from Lake Tanganyika show a variety-rich sp...

    Authors: Masaya Morita, Stanley Ifeanyi Ugwu and Masanori Kohda

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:197

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Adaptation to local host plants may impact a pollinator’s population genetic structure by reducing gene flow and driving population genetic differentiation, representing an early stage of ecological speciation...

    Authors: Belinda Kahnt, Panagiotis Theodorou, Antonella Soro, Hilke Hollens-Kuhr, Michael Kuhlmann, Anton Pauw and Robert J. Paxton

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Mature male parr (MMP) represent an important alternative life-history strategy in Atlantic salmon populations. Previous studies indicate that the maturation size threshold for male parr varies among wild popu...

    Authors: A. C. Harvey, O. T. Skilbrei, F. Besnier, M. F. Solberg, A.-G. E. Sørvik and K. A. Glover

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:188

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Obligate pollination mutualisms (OPMs) are specialized interactions in which female pollinators transport pollen between the male and female flowers of a single plant species and then lay eggs into those same ...

    Authors: J. T. D. Finch, S. A. Power, J. A. Welbergen and J. M. Cook

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The standard genetic code (SGC) is a unique set of rules which assign amino acids to codons. Similar amino acids tend to have similar codons indicating that the code evolved to minimize the costs of amino acid...

    Authors: Małgorzata Wnętrzak, Paweł Błażej, Dorota Mackiewicz and Paweł Mackiewicz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Osteoglycin (OGN, a.k.a. mimecan) belongs to cluster III of the small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRP) of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In vertebrates OGN is a characteristic ECM protein of bone. In the pre...

    Authors: R. A. Costa, R. S. T. Martins, E. Capilla, L. Anjos and D. M. Power

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Echinoidea is a clade of marine animals including sea urchins, heart urchins, sand dollars and sea biscuits. Found in benthic habitats across all latitudes, echinoids are key components of marine communities s...

    Authors: Nicolás Mongiardino Koch, Simon E. Coppard, Harilaos A. Lessios, Derek E. G. Briggs, Rich Mooi and Greg W. Rouse

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Adaptive evolution is one of the crucial mechanisms for organisms to survive and thrive in new environments. Recent studies suggest that adaptive evolution could rapidly occur in species to respond to novel en...

    Authors: Yiyong Chen, Noa Shenkar, Ping Ni, Yaping Lin, Shiguo Li and Aibin Zhan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:187

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Comparing sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in the light of the phylogenetic hypothesis may help to understand the phenotypic evolution associated with sexual selection (size of whole body and of reproduction-relat...

    Authors: Guadalupe López Juri, Margarita Chiaraviglio and Gabriela Cardozo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. A strong variability in cancer incidence is observed between human organs. Recently, it has been suggested that the relative contribution of organs to organism fitness (reproduction or survival) could explain ...

    Authors: Cindy Gidoin, Beata Ujvari, Frédéric Thomas and Benjamin Roche

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:185

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Following recent advances in bioimaging, high-resolution 3D models of biological structures are now generated rapidly and at low-cost. To use this data to address evolutionary and ecological questions, an arra...

    Authors: James D. Gardiner, Julia Behnsen and Charlotte A. Brassey

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:184

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

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