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  1. Content type: Research article

    Tropical rainforests (TRFs) harbour almost half of the world’s vascular plant species diversity while covering only about 6–7% of land. However, why species richness varies amongst the Earth’s major TRF region...

    Authors: Alexander Gamisch and Hans Peter Comes

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:93

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hyperdiverse mtDNA with more than 5% of variable synonymous nucleotide sites can lead to erroneous interpretations of population genetic differentiation patterns and parameters (φST, DEST). We illustrate this by ...

    Authors: S. Fourdrilis and T. Backeljau

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:92

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Color and pattern phenotypes have clear implications for survival and reproduction in many species. However, the mechanisms that produce this coloration are still poorly characterized, especially at the genomi...

    Authors: Adam M. M. Stuckert, Emily Moore, Kaitlin P. Coyle, Ian Davison, Matthew D. MacManes, Reade Roberts and Kyle Summers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:85

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Many species of snakes exhibit epidermal surface nanostructures that form complex motifs conferring self-cleaning properties, and sometimes structural iridescence, to their skin.

    Authors: Marcelle I. Arrigo, Luis M. De Oliveira Vilaca, Anamarija Fofonjka, Achyuthan N. Srikanthan, Adrien Debry and Michel C. Milinkovitch

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:91

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Different population trajectories are expected to impact the signature of neutral and adaptive processes at multiple levels, challenging the assessment of the relative roles of different microevolutionary forc...

    Authors: Rita G. Rocha, Vanessa Magalhães, José V. López-Bao, Wessel van der Loo, Luis Llaneza, Francisco Alvares, Pedro J. Esteves and Raquel Godinho

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:90

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Standard evolutionary theories of aging postulate that reduced extrinsic mortality leads to evolution of longevity. Clownfishes of the genus Amphiprion live in a symbiotic relationship with sea anemones that p...

    Authors: Arne Sahm, Pedro Almaida-Pagán, Martin Bens, Mirko Mutalipassi, Alejandro Lucas-Sánchez, Jorge de Costa Ruiz, Matthias Görlach and Alessandro Cellerino

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:89

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Local adaptation of marine and diadromous species is thought to be a product of larval dispersal, settlement mortality, and differential reproductive success, particularly in heterogeneous post-settlement habi...

    Authors: Kristine N. Moody, Johanna L. K. Wren, Donald R. Kobayashi, Michael J. Blum, Margaret B. Ptacek, Richard W. Blob, Robert J. Toonen, Heiko L. Schoenfuss and Michael J. Childress

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:88

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic plants rely on their host to cover their nutritional requirements either for their entire life or a smaller part of it. Depending on the level of parasitism, a proportional reduction on the plastid g...

    Authors: Athanasios Zervas, Gitte Petersen and Ole Seberg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:87

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The Scalidophora (Kinorhyncha, Loricifera and Priapulida) have an important phylogenetic position as early branching ecdysozoans, yet the architecture of their nervous organ systems is notably underinvestigate...

    Authors: María Herranz, Brian S. Leander, Fernando Pardos and Michael J. Boyle

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:86

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The genus Streptococcus comprises pathogens that strongly influence the health of humans and animals. Genome sequencing of multiple Streptococcus strains demonstrated high variability in gene content and order ev...

    Authors: Pavel V. Shelyakin, Olga O. Bochkareva, Anna A. Karan and Mikhail S. Gelfand

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:83

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Species diversity is determined by both local environmental conditions that control differentiation and extinction and the outcome of large-scale processes that affect migration. The latter primarily comprises...

    Authors: Qian H. Gu, Martin Husemann, Hui H. Wu, Jing Dong, Chuan J. Zhou, Xian F. Wang, Yun N. Gao, Man Zhang, Guo R. Zhu and Guo X. Nie

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:82

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Congruent patterns in the distribution of biodiversity between regions or habitats suggest that key factors such as climatic and topographic variation may predictably shape evolutionary processes. In a number ...

    Authors: Paul M. Oliver, Lauren G. Ashman, Sarah Bank, Rebecca J. Laver, Renae C. Pratt, Leonardo G. Tedeschi and Craig C. Moritz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:81

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  13. Content type: Research article

    DNA barcoding has been developed as a useful tool for species discrimination. Several sequence-based species delimitation methods, such as Barcode Index Number (BIN), REfined Single Linkage (RESL), Automatic B...

    Authors: Zhijun Zhou, Huifang Guo, Li Han, Jinyan Chai, Xuting Che and Fuming Shi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:79

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Dictyostelid cellular slime molds (dictyostelids) are microscopic throughout their entire life cycle. The vegetative phase consists of single-celled amoeboid forms which live in the soil/leaf litter microhabit...

    Authors: Pu Liu, Yue Zou, Jiangan Hou, Steven L. Stephenson and Yu Li

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:78

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Transcription factors (TFs) play a key role in regulating plant development and response to environmental stimuli. While most genes revert to single copy after whole genome duplication (WGD) event, transcripti...

    Authors: Nicholas L. Panchy, Christina B. Azodi, Eamon F. Winship, Ronan C. O’Malley and Shin-Han Shiu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:77

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Self-powered flight is one of the most energy-intensive types of locomotion found in vertebrates. It is also associated with a range of extreme morpho-physiological adaptations that evolved independently in th...

    Authors: Camilo López-Aguirre, Suzanne J. Hand, Daisuke Koyabu, Nguyen Truong Son and Laura A. B. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:75

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Synbranchidae or swamp eels are fishes belonging to the order Synbranchiformes that occur in both freshwater and occasionally in brackish. They are worldwide distributed in tropical and subtropical rivers of f...

    Authors: Weerayuth Supiwong, Krit Pinthong, Kriengkrai Seetapan, Pasakorn Saenjundaeng, Luiz A. C. Bertollo, Ezequiel A. de Oliveira, Cassia F. Yano, Thomas Liehr, Sumalee Phimphan, Alongklod Tanomtong and Marcelo B Cioffi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:73

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Frizzled family members belong to G-protein coupled receptors and encode proteins accountable for cell signal transduction, cell proliferation and cell death. Members of Frizzled receptor family are considered...

    Authors: Suman Seemab, Nashaiman Pervaiz, Rabail Zehra, Saneela Anwar, Yiming Bao and Amir Ali Abbasi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:72

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Medullary bone (MB) is an estrogen-dependent, sex-specific tissue produced by female birds during lay and inferred to be present in extinct avemetatarsalians (bird-line archosaurs). Although preliminary studie...

    Authors: Aurore Canoville, Mary H. Schweitzer and Lindsay E. Zanno

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:71

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Much of the debate over the evolutionary consequences of hybridization on genetic divergence and speciation results from the breakdown or reinforcement of reproductive barriers in secondary hybrid zones. Among...

    Authors: Wan-Jin Liao, Bi-Ru Zhu, Yue-Fei Li, Xiao-Meng Li, Yan-Fei Zeng and Da-Yong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:70

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Spiny mice of the genus Acomys are distributed mainly in dry open habitats in Africa and the Middle East, and they are widely used as model taxa for various biological disciplines (e.g. ecology, physiology and ev...

    Authors: T. Aghová, K. Palupčíková, R. Šumbera, D. Frynta, L. A. Lavrenchenko, Y. Meheretu, J. Sádlová, J. Votýpka, J. S. Mbau, D. Modrý and J. Bryja

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:69

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The molecular basis of the incipient stage of speciation is still poorly understood. Cichlid fish species in Lake Victoria are a prime example of recent speciation events and a suitable system to study the ada...

    Authors: Shohei Takuno, Ryutaro Miyagi, Jun-ichi Onami, Shiho Takahashi-Kariyazono, Akie Sato, Herbert Tichy, Masato Nikaido, Mitsuto Aibara, Shinji Mizoiri, Hillary D. J. Mrosso, Semvua I. Mzighani, Norihiro Okada and Yohey Terai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:68

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  23. Content type: Research article

    β-Amylases (BAMs) are a multigene family of glucan hydrolytic enzymes playing a key role not only for plant biology but also for many industrial applications, such as the malting process in the brewing and dis...

    Authors: Matthias Thalmann, Mario Coiro, Tiago Meier, Thomas Wicker, Samuel C. Zeeman and Diana Santelia

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:66

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In species that reproduce with sexual reproduction, males and females often have opposite strategies to maximize their own fitness. For instance, males are typically expected to maximize their number of mating...

    Authors: Margot Fortin, Joël Meunier, Tiffany Laverré, Catherine Souty-Grosset and Freddie-Jeanne Richard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:65

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Despite attempts in retracing the history of the Thao people in Taiwan using folktales, linguistics, physical anthropology, and ethnic studies, their history remains incomplete. The heritage of Thao has been a...

    Authors: Jean A. Trejaut, Frank Muyard, Ying-Hui Lai, Lan-Rong Chen, Zong-Sian Chen, Jun-Hun Loo, Jin-Yuan Huang and Marie Lin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:64

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The plastid is a semiautonomous organelle with its own genome. Plastid genomes have been widely used as models for studying phylogeny, speciation and adaptive evolution. However, most studies focus on comparis...

    Authors: Zhang-Hai Li, Xiao Ma, De-Yi Wang, Yun-Xia Li, Cheng-Wang Wang and Xiao-Hua Jin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:63

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Examples of rapid evolution are common in nature but difficult to account for with the standard population genetic model of adaptation. Instead, selection from the standing genetic variation permits rapid adap...

    Authors: David I. Dayan, Xiao Du, Tara Z. Baris, Dominique N. Wagner, Douglas L. Crawford and Marjorie F. Oleksiak

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:61

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  28. Content type: Research

    The most effective learning occurs during sensitive periods. Olfactory plasticity to main social olfactory cues is limited to a critical period to a large degree. The objective was to evaluate the influence of...

    Authors: Elena Kotenkova, Alex Romachenko, Alexander Ambaryan and Aleksei Maltsev

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):51

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  29. Content type: Research

    Many earthworm species demonstrate significant cryptic diversity, with several highly diverged mitochondrial lineages found within most of the taxa studied to date. The status of differences between these line...

    Authors: Sergei V. Shekhovtsov, Nikita I. Ershov, Gennady V. Vasiliev and Sergey E. Peltek

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):50

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  30. Content type: Research

    Members of different sections of the genus Linum are characterized by wide variability in size, morphology and number of chromosomes in karyotypes. Since such variability is determined mainly by the amount and co...

    Authors: Nadezhda L. Bolsheva, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Ilya V. Kirov, Alexey A. Dmitriev, George S. Krasnov, Аlexandra V. Amosova, Tatiana E. Samatadze, Olga Yu. Yurkevich, Svyatoslav A. Zoshchuk, Anna V. Kudryavtseva and Olga V. Muravenko

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):49

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  31. Content type: Research

    Maternally inherited Wolbachia symbionts infect D. melanogaster populations worldwide. Infection rates vary greatly. Genetic diversity of Wolbachia in D. melanogaster can be subdivided into several closely relate...

    Authors: Roman А. Bykov, Maria A. Yudina, Nataly E. Gruntenko, Ilya K. Zakharov, Marina A. Voloshina, Elena S. Melashchenko, Maria V. Danilova, Ilia O. Mazunin and Yury Yu. Ilinsky

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):48

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  32. Content type: Research

    Heterotachy is the variation in the evolutionary rate of aligned sites in different parts of the phylogenetic tree. It occurs mainly due to epistatic interactions among the substitutions, which are highly comp...

    Authors: Anastasia A. Kuzminkova, Anastasia D. Sokol, Kristina E. Ushakova, Konstantin Yu. Popadin and Konstantin V. Gunbin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):47

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  33. Content type: Research

    Gap junctions (GJ) are one of the most common forms of intercellular communication. GJs are assembled from proteins that form channels connecting the cytoplasm of adjacent cells. They are considered to be the ...

    Authors: Georgy A. Slivko-Koltchik, Victor P. Kuznetsov and Yuri V. Panchin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):46

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  34. Content type: Research

    The members of the Triticeae tribe are characterised by the presence of orthologous and homoeologous gene copies regulating flavonoid biosynthesis. Among transcription factors constituting a regulatory MBW com...

    Authors: Ksenia V. Strygina and Elena K. Khlestkina

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):45

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  35. Content type: Research

    The continuity of behavioral responses in the traits of offspring can be interpreted ambiguously because animal behavior can be transmitted from generation to generation genetically or can be trained. Inherita...

    Authors: Marina Vladimirovna Rutovskaya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19(Suppl 1):44

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  36. Content type: Research article

    The C-C motif chemokine ligand 16 (CCL16) is a potent pro-inflammatory chemokine and a chemoattractant for monocytes and lymphocytes. In normal plasma, it is present at high concentrations and elicits its effe...

    Authors: Fabiana Neves, Joana Abrantes, Ana M. Lopes, Luciana A. Fusinatto, Maria J. Magalhães, Wessel van der Loo and Pedro J. Esteves

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:59

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are taxonomically pervasive strategies adopted by individuals to maximize reproductive success within populations. Even for conditionally-dependent traits, consensus pos...

    Authors: K. A. Stewart, R. Draaijer, M. R. Kolasa and I. M. Smallegange

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:58

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Sex-determining systems may profoundly influence the ecology, behaviour and demography of animals, yet these relationships are poorly understood. Here we investigate whether species with temperature-dependent ...

    Authors: Veronika Bókony, Gregory Milne, Ivett Pipoly, Tamás Székely and András Liker

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:57

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  39. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors notified us of an error in the Results section of the Abstract. The original article has been corrected.

    Authors: Jahnavi Joshi and Gregory D. Edgecombe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:56

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:41

  40. Content type: Research article

    Micro RNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs, have been implicated in various aspects of plant development. miR394 is required for shoot apical meristem organization, stem cell maintenance and abiotic...

    Authors: Ashutosh Kumar, Vibhav Gautam, Pramod Kumar, Shalini Mukherjee, Swati Verma and Ananda K. Sarkar

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:55

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    The evolutionary history of a species is frequently derived from molecular sequences, and the resulting phylogenetic trees do not include explicit functional information. Here, we aimed to assess the functiona...

    Authors: Agustín Estrada-Peña and Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:54

    Published on:

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