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  1. Content type: Research article

    Populations that have repeatedly colonized novel environments are useful for studying the role of ecology in adaptive divergence – particularly if some individuals persist in the ancestral habitat. Such “conte...

    Authors: Matthew R. J. Morris, Ella Bowles, Brandon E. Allen, Heather A. Jamniczky and Sean M. Rogers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:113

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The class Diphyllatea belongs to a group of enigmatic unicellular eukaryotes that play a key role in reconstructing the morphological innovation and diversification of early eukaryotic evolution. Despite its e...

    Authors: Russell J. S. Orr, Sen Zhao, Dag Klaveness, Akinori Yabuki, Keiji Ikeda, Watanabe M. Makoto and Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:115

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 80% of all described extant sponge species belong to the class Demospongiae. Yet, despite their diversity and importance, accurate divergence times are still unknown for most demosponge clades. T...

    Authors: Astrid Schuster, Sergio Vargas, Ingrid S. Knapp, Shirley A. Pomponi, Robert J. Toonen, Dirk Erpenbeck and Gert Wörheide

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:114

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  4. Content type: Research article

    One of the most perplexing questions in evolutionary biology is why some lineages diversify into many species, and others do not. In many cases, ecological opportunity has played an important role, leading to ...

    Authors: Kimberly L. Foster and Kyle R. Piller

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:116

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Spatial isolation, diverging environmental conditions and social structures may lead to the differentiation of various traits, e.g. molecules, morphology and behaviour. Bird calls may provide important informa...

    Authors: Jan Christian Habel, Martin Husemann and Werner Ulrich

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:112

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Hirsutella Pat genus, the asexual morphs of the Ophiocordyceps Sung, is globally distributed entomopathogenic fungi, which infect a variety of arthropods, mites and nematodes. The fungal species also have shown p...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Qu, Yeming Zhou, Jianping Yu, Jian Zhang, Yanfeng Han and Xiao Zou

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:111

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The maintenance of considerable genetic variation in sexually selected traits (SSTs) is puzzling given directional selection expected to act on these traits. A possible explanation is the existence of a genoty...

    Authors: Agata Plesnar-Bielak, Anna Maria Skwierzyńska, Kasper Hlebowicz and Jacek Radwan

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:109

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Species with a restricted geographic distribution, and highly specialized habitat and dietary requirements, are particularly vulnerable to extinction. The Bale monkey (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) is a little-known...

    Authors: Addisu Mekonnen, Eli K. Rueness, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Peter J. Fashing, Afework Bekele, R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, Rose Missbach, Tanja Haus, Dietmar Zinner and Christian Roos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:106

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Symbiosis is a major source of evolutionary innovation and, by allowing species to exploit new ecological niches, underpins the functioning of ecosystems. The transition from free-living to obligate symbiosis ...

    Authors: Ewan J. A. Minter, Chris D. Lowe, Megan E. S. Sørensen, A. Jamie Wood, Duncan D. Cameron and Michael A. Brockhurst

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:108

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Hemocyanin transports O2 in the hemolymph of many arthropod species. Such respiratory proteins have long been considered unnecessary in Myriapoda. As a result, the presence of hemocyanin in Myriapoda has long bee...

    Authors: Samantha Scherbaum, Nadja Hellmann, Rosa Fernández, Christian Pick and Thorsten Burmester

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:107

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Outbreaks caused by asexual lineages of fungal and oomycete pathogens are a continuing threat to crops, wild animals and natural ecosystems (Fisher MC, Henk DA, Briggs CJ, Brownstein JS, Madoff LC, McCraw SL, ...

    Authors: Marina Pais, Kentaro Yoshida, Artemis Giannakopoulou, Mathieu A. Pel, Liliana M. Cano, Ricardo F. Oliva, Kamil Witek, Hannele Lindqvist-Kreuze, Vivianne G. A. A. Vleeshouwers and Sophien Kamoun

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:93

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Anthropogenic factors can have a major impact on the contemporary distribution of intraspecific genetic diversity. Many freshwater fishes have finely structured and locally adapted populations, but their natur...

    Authors: Veronika Bartáková, Josef Bryja and Martin Reichard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:105

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Physa acuta is a globally invasive freshwater snail native to North America. Prior studies have led to conflicting views of how P. acuta populations are connected and genetic diversity is partitioned globally. Th...

    Authors: Erika T. Ebbs, Eric S. Loker and Sara V. Brant

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:103

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Recent molecular dating estimates for placental mammals echo fossil inferences for an explosive interordinal diversification, but typically place this event some 10–20 million years earlier than the Paleocene ...

    Authors: Matthew J. Phillips and Carmelo Fruciano

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:104

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Translation of specific mRNAs can be highly regulated in different cells, tissues or under pathological conditions. Ribosome heterogeneity can originate from variable expression or post-translational modificat...

    Authors: Katharina E. Bräuer, Kevin Brockers, Jasmin Moneer, Annette Feuchtinger, Evi Wollscheid-Lengeling, Andreas Lengeling and Alexander Wolf

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:96

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In host-parasite systems, relative dispersal rates condition genetic novelty within populations and thus their adaptive potential. Knowledge of host and parasite dispersal rates can therefore help us to unders...

    Authors: Anaïs S. C. Appelgren, Verena Saladin, Heinz Richner, Blandine Doligez and Karen D. McCoy

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:99

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynaecologic malignancy and the most common cause of death from gynaecologic cancer, especially due to diagnosis at an advanced stage, when a cure is rare. As ovarian t...

    Authors: Sofia C. Nunes, Filipa Lopes-Coelho, Sofia Gouveia-Fernandes, Cristiano Ramos, Sofia A. Pereira and Jacinta Serpa

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:97

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Butterflies (Papilionoidea) are perhaps the most charismatic insect lineage, yet phylogenetic relationships among them remain incompletely studied and controversial. This is especially true for skippers (Hespe...

    Authors: Emmanuel F. A. Toussaint, Jesse W. Breinholt, Chandra Earl, Andrew D. Warren, Andrew V. Z. Brower, Masaya Yago, Kelly M. Dexter, Marianne Espeland, Naomi E. Pierce, David J. Lohman and Akito Y. Kawahara

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:101

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The main unequivocal conclusion after three decades of phylogeographic mtDNA studies is the African origin of all extant modern humans. In addition, a southern coastal route has been argued for to explain the ...

    Authors: Vicente M. Cabrera, Patricia Marrero, Khaled K. Abu-Amero and Jose M. Larruga

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:98

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The processes through which populations originate and diversify ecologically in the initial stages of adaptive radiation are little understood because we lack information on critical steps of early divergence....

    Authors: Darko D. Cotoras, Ke Bi, Michael S. Brewer, David R. Lindberg, Stefan Prost and Rosemary G. Gillespie

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:100

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  21. Content type: Methodology article

    Recent developments in sequencing technologies make it possible to obtain genome sequences from a large number of isolates in a very short time. Bayesian phylogenetic approaches can take advantage of these dat...

    Authors: Sebastian Duchene, David A. Duchene, Jemma L. Geoghegan, Zoe A. Dyson, Jane Hawkey and Kathryn E. Holt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:95

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  22. Content type: Research article

    An essential question in evolutionary biology is whether shifts in a set of polygenic behaviors share a genetic basis across species. Such a behavioral shift is seen in the cave-dwelling Mexican tetra, Astyanax m...

    Authors: Masato Yoshizawa, Alexander Settle, Meredith C. Hermosura, Lillian J. Tuttle, Nicolas Cetraro, Courtney N. Passow and Suzanne E. McGaugh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:89

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The spatial distribution of genetic diversity and structure has important implications for conservation as it reveals a species’ strong and weak points with regard to stability and evolutionary capacity. Tempo...

    Authors: Alexander Jueterbock, James A. Coyer, Jeanine L. Olsen and Galice Hoarau

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:94

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