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  1. Eukaryotes acquired the trait of oxygenic photosynthesis through endosymbiosis of the cyanobacterial progenitor of plastid organelles. Despite recent advances in the phylogenomics of Cyanobacteria, the phyloge...

    Authors: Travis J Lawrence, Katherine CH Amrine, Wesley D Swingley and David H Ardell

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  2. Attributes of pest species like host range are frequently reported as being evolutionarily constrained and showing phylogenetic signal. Because these attributes in turn could influence the abundance and impact...

    Authors: Peng-Yu Jin, Jing-Tao Sun, Ary Hoffmann, Yan-Fei Guo, Jin-Cheng Zhou, Yu-Xi Zhu, Lei Chen and Xiao-Yue Hong

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The coincidence of long distance dispersal (LDD) and biome shift is assumed to be the result of a multifaceted interplay between geographical distance and ecological suitability of source and sink areas. Here,...

    Authors: Michael D. Pirie, Martha Kandziora, Nicolai M. Nürk, Nicholas C. Le Maitre, Ana Mugrabi de Kuppler, Berit Gehrke, Edward G. H. Oliver and Dirk U. Bellstedt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the most widely studied innate immunity receptors responsible for recognition of invading pathogens. Among the TLR family, TLR5 is the only that senses and recognizes flagellin, ...

    Authors: Ana Pinheiro, Ana Águeda-Pinto, José Melo-Ferreira, Fabiana Neves, Joana Abrantes and Pedro J. Esteves

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:221

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Neurochemicals like serotonin and dopamine play crucial roles in human cognitive and emotional functions. Vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (VMAT1) transports monoamine neurotransmitters, and its variant (136T...

    Authors: Daiki X. Sato, Yuu Ishii, Tomoaki Nagai, Kazumasa Ohashi and Masakado Kawata

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Phylogenetic species trees are widely used in inferring evolutionary relationships. Existing software and algorithms mainly focus on phylogenetic inference. However, less attention has been paid to intermediat...

    Authors: Yang Fang, Chengcheng Liu, Jiangyi Lin, Xufeng Li, Kambiz N. Alavian, Yi Yang and Yulong Niu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  7. Lymphotoxin-α (LTα), located in the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6, encodes a cytotoxic protein that mediates a variety of antiviral responses among other biological funct...

    Authors: Michael C. Campbell, Bryan Ashong, Shaolei Teng, Jayla Harvey and Christopher N. Cross

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:218

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Despite decades of research, the horse domestication scenario in East Asia remains poorly understood.

    Authors: Tiao Ning, Yinghui Ling, Shaoji Hu, Arman Ardalan, Jing Li, Bikash Mitra, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, Weijun Guan, Qianjun Zhao, Yuehui Ma, Peter Savolainen and Yaping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The process by which populations evolve to become new species involves the emergence of various reproductive isolating barriers (RIB). Despite major advancements in understanding this complex process, very lit...

    Authors: Tiffany A. Chin, Carla E. Cáceres and Melania E. Cristescu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In mammals, the natriuretic system contains three natriuretic peptides, NPPA, NPPB and NPPC, that bind to three transmembrane receptors, NPR1, NPR2 and NPR3. The natriuretic peptides are known only in vertebra...

    Authors: Anna Grandchamp, Shifa Tahir and Philippe Monget

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The buffalo, despite its superior milk-producing ability, suffers from reproductive limitations that constrain its lifetime productivity. Male sub-fertility, manifested as low conception rates (CRs), is a majo...

    Authors: Vipul Batra, Avinash Maheshwarappa, Komal Dagar, Sandeep Kumar, Apoorva Soni, A. Kumaresan, Rakesh Kumar and T. K. Datta

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that Additional file 3 was published with track changes.

    Authors: Jean A. Trejaut, Frank Muyard, Ying-Hui Lai, Lan-Rong Chen, Zong-Sian Chen, Jun-Hun Loo, Jin-Yuan Huang and Marie Lin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:212

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:64

  13. Many pathologies that modify the shell geometry and ornamentation of ammonoids are known from the fossil record. Since they may reflect the developmental response of the organism to a perturbation (usually a s...

    Authors: Romain Jattiot, Emmanuel Fara, Arnaud Brayard, Séverine Urdy and Nicolas Goudemand

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Various apolipoproteins widely distributed among vertebrata play key roles in lipid metabolism and have a direct correlation with human diseases as diagnostic markers. However, the evolutionary progress of apo...

    Authors: Jia-Qian Liu, Wen-Xing Li, Jun-Juan Zheng, Qing-Nan Tian, Jing-Fei Huang and Shao-Xing Dai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Two previous studies on interspecific body size variation of anurans found that the key drivers of variation are the species’ lifestyles and the environments that they live in. To examine whether those finding...

    Authors: Cheng Guo, Shuai Gao, Ali Krzton and Long Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Parasite attachment structures are critical traits that influence effective host exploitation and survival. Morphology of attachment structures can reinforce host specificity and niche specialisation, or even ...

    Authors: Charles Baillie, Rachel L. Welicky, Kerry A. Hadfield, Nico J. Smit, Stefano Mariani and Robin M. D. Beck

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Tardigrada is a group of microscopic invertebrates distributed worldwide in permanent and temporal aquatic habitats. Famous for their extreme stress tolerance, tardigrades are also of interest due to their clo...

    Authors: Dennis Krog Persson, Kenneth Agerlin Halberg, Ricardo Cardoso Neves, Aslak Jørgensen, Reinhardt Møbjerg Kristensen and Nadja Møbjerg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Disentangling the selective factors shaping adaptive trait variation is an important but challenging task. Many studies—especially in Drosophila—have documented trait variation along latitudinal or altitudinal cl...

    Authors: Jeremy S. Davis and Leonie C. Moyle

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:204

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The flood of genomic data to help build and date the tree of life requires automation at several critical junctures, most importantly during sequence assembly and alignment. It is widely appreciated that autom...

    Authors: Yan Du, Shaoyuan Wu, Scott V. Edwards and Liang Liu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Understanding the origin of genetic variation is the key to predict how species will respond to future climate change. The genus Quercus is a species-rich and ecologically diverse woody genus that dominates a wid...

    Authors: Mengxiao Yan, Ruibin Liu, Ying Li, Andrew L. Hipp, Min Deng and Yanshi Xiong

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:202

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Experimental evolution of microbes often involves a serial transfer protocol, where microbes are repeatedly diluted by transfer to a fresh medium, starting a new growth cycle. This has revealed that evolution ...

    Authors: Bram van Dijk, Jeroen Meijer, Thomas D. Cuypers and Paulien Hogeweg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  22. Raising unrelated offspring is typically wasteful of parental resources and so individuals are expected to reduce or maintain low levels of parental effort when their parentage is low. This can involve faculta...

    Authors: Holger Zimmermann, Karoline Fritzsche, Jonathan M. Henshaw, Cyprian Katongo, Taylor Banda, Lawrence Makasa, Kristina M. Sefc and Aneesh P. H. Bose

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:200

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Secondary contact between closely related lineages can result in a variety of outcomes, including hybridization, depending upon the strength of reproductive barriers. By examining the extent to which different...

    Authors: Margaret L. Haines, Gordon Luikart, Stephen J. Amish, Seth Smith and Emily K. Latch

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that some of the NCB accession numbers were incorrectly associated to their corresponding taxon in the Additional file 1.

    Authors: Dietmar Zinner, Linn F. Groeneveld, Christina Keller and Christian Roos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:198

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009 9:83

  25. Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that infects the human stomach, has high genetic diversity. Because its evolution is parallel to human, H. pylori is used as a tool to trace human migration. However, there are fe...

    Authors: Takaaki Ono, Modesto Cruz, José A. Jiménez Abreu, Hiroyuki Nagashima, Phawinee Subsomwong, Celso Hosking, Seiji Shiota, Rumiko Suzuki and Yoshio Yamaoka

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The BLOC1S2 gene encodes the multifunctional protein BLOS2, a shared subunit of two lysosomal trafficking complexes: i) biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex-1 and i) BLOC-1-related complex. In our pr...

    Authors: Hyeon-Mu Cho, Sang-Je Park, Se-Hee Choe, Ja-Rang Lee, Sun-Uk Kim, Yeung-Bae Jin, Ji-Su Kim, Sang-Rae Lee, Young-Hyun Kim and Jae-Won Huh

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Odontocetes (toothed whales) are the most species-rich marine mammal lineage. The catalyst for their evolutionary success is echolocation - a form of biological sonar that uses high-frequency sound, produced i...

    Authors: Travis Park, Bastien Mennecart, Loïc Costeur, Camille Grohé and Natalie Cooper

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:195

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The transition from land to sea by the ancestor of cetaceans approximately 50 million years ago was an incredible evolutionary event that led to a series of morphological, physiological, and behavioral adaptat...

    Authors: Di Sun, Xuming Zhou, Zhenpeng Yu, Shixia Xu, Inge Seim and Guang Yang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The existence of extended post-reproductive lifespan is an evolutionary puzzle, and its taxonomic prevalence is debated. One way of measuring post-reproductive life is with post-reproductive representation, th...

    Authors: Simon N. Chapman, John Jackson, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa and Mirkka Lahdenperä

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The genus Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) has a near-cosmopolitan distribution in mesic habitats from tropical to temperate lowlands and in alpine forests. It has a high rate of hybridization and plastid capture, and compri...

    Authors: Xin Yao, Yun-hong Tan, Jun-bo Yang, Yan Wang, Richard T. Corlett and Jean-François Manen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Mutators are common in bacterial populations, both in natural isolates and in the lab. The fate of these lineages, which mutation rate is increased up to 100 ×, has long been studied using population genetics ...

    Authors: Jacob Pieter Rutten, Paulien Hogeweg and Guillaume Beslon

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:191

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  32. Genetic processes shape the modern-day distribution of genetic variation within and between populations and can provide important insights into the underlying mechanisms of evolution. The resulting genetic var...

    Authors: Endre Gy Tóth, Francine Tremblay, Johann M. Housset, Yves Bergeron and Christopher Carcaillet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Hybridization has been widely practiced in plant and animal breeding as a means to enhance the quality and fitness of the organisms. In domestic equids, this hybrid vigor takes the form of improved physical an...

    Authors: Pauline Hanot, Anthony Herrel, Claude Guintard and Raphaël Cornette

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Heliopora coerulea, the blue coral, is the octocoral characterized by its blue skeleton. Recently, two Heliopora species were delimited by DNA markers: HC-A and HC-B. To clarify the genomic divergence of these He...

    Authors: Akira Iguchi, Yuki Yoshioka, Zac H. Forsman, Ingrid S.S. Knapp, Robert J. Toonen, Yuki Hongo, Satoshi Nagai and Nina Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Studying site-specific amino acid frequencies by eye can reveal biologically significant variability and lineage-specific adaptation. This so-called ‘sequence gazing’ often informs bioinformatics and experimen...

    Authors: Christopher Monit, Richard A. Goldstein and Greg J. Towers

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:186

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  36. Studying reproductive trait allometries can help to understand optimal male investment strategies under sexual selection. In promiscuous mating systems, studies across several taxa suggest that testes allometr...

    Authors: Lennart Winkler, Leon M. Kirch, Klaus Reinhold and Steven A. Ramm

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:185

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The Neacomys genus is predominantly found in the Amazon region, and belongs to the most diverse tribe of the Sigmodontinae subfamily (Rodentia, Cricetidae, Oryzomyini). The systematics of this genus and questions...

    Authors: Willam Oliveira da Silva, Julio Cesar Pieczarka, Marlyson Jeremias Rodrigues da Costa, Malcolm Andrew Ferguson-Smith, Patricia Caroline Mary O’Brien, Ana Cristina Mendes-Oliveira, Rogério Vieira Rossi and Cleusa Yoshiko Nagamachi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), the causal agent of wheat powdery mildew severely affects yield security wheat production in China. Understanding the virulence structure and genetic variations of this pat...

    Authors: Xian Xin Wu, Xiao Feng Xu, De Xin Ma, Rong Zhen Chen, Tian Ya Li and Yuan Yin Cao

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Silkmoths and their relatives constitute the ecologically and taxonomically diverse superfamily Bombycoidea, which includes some of the most charismatic species of Lepidoptera. Despite displaying spectacular f...

    Authors: C. A. Hamilton, R. A. St Laurent, K. Dexter, I. J. Kitching, J. W. Breinholt, A. Zwick, M. J. T. N. Timmermans, J. R. Barber and A. Y. Kawahara

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Satellites or tandem repeats are very abundant in many eukaryotic genomes. Occasionally they have been reported to be present in some prokaryotes, but to our knowledge there is no general comparative study on ...

    Authors: Juan A. Subirana and Xavier Messeguer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Marine invertebrates are abundant and diverse on the continental shelf in Antarctica, but little is known about their parasitic counterparts. Endoparasites are especially understudied because they often posses...

    Authors: Kara K. S. Layton, Greg W. Rouse and Nerida G. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Understanding the mechanisms promoting or constraining morphological diversification within clades is a central topic in evolutionary biology. Ecological transitions are of particular interest because of their...

    Authors: Gabriele Sansalone, Paolo Colangelo, Anna Loy, Pasquale Raia, Stephen Wroe and Paolo Piras

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Triplophysa stoliczkae is the most widespread species in the genus Triplophysa and may have originated from morphological convergence. To understand the evolutionary history of T. stoliczkae, we employed a multil...

    Authors: Chenguang Feng, Yongtao Tang, Sijia Liu, Fei Tian, Cunfang Zhang and Kai Zhao

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Vomeronasal type 1 receptor genes (V1Rs) are expected to detect intraspecific pheromones. It is believed that rodents rely heavily on pheromonal communication mediated by V1Rs, but pheromonal signals are thought ...

    Authors: Hengwu Jiao, Wei Hong, Eviatar Nevo, Kexin Li and Huabin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Organisms are expected to respond to changing environmental conditions through local adaptation, range shift or local extinction. The process of local adaptation can occur by genetic changes or phenotypic plas...

    Authors: Daniel Romero-Mujalli, Florian Jeltsch and Ralph Tiedemann

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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