Evolutionary developmental biology and morphology

Section edited by David Ferrier

This section considers studies in the evolution of development and developmental processes, and into morphological evolution.

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  1. Research article

    Ancestral and novel roles of Pax family genes in mollusks

    Pax genes are transcription factors with significant roles in cell fate specification and tissue differentiation during animal ontogeny. Most information on their tempo-spatial mode of expression is available ...

    Maik Scherholz, Emanuel Redl, Tim Wollesen, André Luiz de Oliveira, Christiane Todt and Andreas Wanninger

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:81

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Conservation of estrogen receptor function in invertebrate reproduction

    Rotifers are microscopic aquatic invertebrates that reproduce both sexually and asexually. Though rotifers are phylogenetically distant from humans, and have specialized reproductive physiology, this work iden...

    Brande L. Jones, Chris Walker, Bahareh Azizi, Laren Tolbert, Loren Dean Williams and Terry W. Snell

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:65

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  3. Research article

    By more ways than one: Rapid convergence at hydrothermal vents shown by 3D anatomical reconstruction of Gigantopelta (Mollusca: Neomphalina)

    Extreme environments prompt the evolution of characteristic adaptations. Yet questions remain about whether radiations in extreme environments originate from a single lineage that masters a key adaptive pathwa...

    Chong Chen, Katsuyuki Uematsu, Katrin Linse and Julia D. Sigwart

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:62

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Lineage-specific duplication of amphioxus retinoic acid degrading enzymes (CYP26) resulted in sub-functionalization of patterning and homeostatic roles

    During embryogenesis, tight regulation of retinoic acid (RA) availability is fundamental for normal development. In parallel to RA synthesis, a negative feedback loop controlled by RA catabolizing enzymes of t...

    João E. Carvalho, Maria Theodosiou, Jie Chen, Pascale Chevret, Susana Alvarez, Angel R. De Lera, Vincent Laudet, Jenifer C. Croce and Michael Schubert

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:24

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  5. Research Article

    Genetic mechanisms of bone digestion and nutrient absorption in the bone-eating worm Osedax japonicus inferred from transcriptome and gene expression analyses

    Bone-eating worms of the genus Osedax (Annelida, Siboglinidae) have adapted to whale fall environments by acquiring a novel characteristic called the root, which branches and penetrates into sunken bones. The wor...

    Norio Miyamoto, Masa-aki Yoshida, Hiroyuki Koga and Yoshihiro Fujiwara

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:17

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Alternative evolution of a spheroidal colony in volvocine algae: developmental analysis of embryogenesis in Astrephomene (Volvocales, Chlorophyta)

    Volvocine algae, which range from the unicellular Chlamydomonas to the multicellular Volvox with a germ–soma division of labor, are a model for the evolution of multicellularity. Within this group, the spheroidal...

    Shota Yamashita, Yoko Arakaki, Hiroko Kawai-Toyooka, Akira Noga, Masafumi Hirono and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:243

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  7. Research article

    Multiplicity of Buc copies in Atlantic salmon contrasts with loss of the germ cell determinant in primates, rodents and axolotl

    The primordial germ cells (PGCs) giving rise to gametes are determined by two different mechanisms in vertebrates. While the germ cell fate in mammals and salamanders is induced by zygotic signals, maternally ...

    Adrijana Škugor, Helge Tveiten, Hanne Johnsen and Øivind Andersen

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:232

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  8. Research article

    Evolutionary pathways to convergence in plumage patterns

    Avian plumage is ideal for investigating phenotypic convergence because of repeated evolution of the same within-feather patterns. In birds, there are three major types of regular patterns within feathers: sca...

    Thanh-Lan Gluckman and Nicholas I. Mundy

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:172

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  9. Research article

    Forewing color pattern in Micropterigidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera): homologies between contrast boundaries, and a revised hypothesis for the origin of symmetry systems

    Despite the great importance of lepidopteran wing patterns in various biological disciplines, homologies between wing pattern elements in different moth and butterfly lineages are still not understood. Among o...

    Sandra R. Schachat and Richard L. Brown

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:116

    Published on: 26 May 2016

  10. Research Article

    The evolution of anthropoid molar proportions

    Developmental processes that underpin morphological variation have become a focus of interest when attempting to interpret macroevolutionary patterns. Recently, the Dental Inhibitory Cascade (dic) model has been ...

    Katherine E. Carter and Steven Worthington

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:110

    Published on: 20 May 2016

  11. Research article

    A comparative view of early development in the corals Favia lizardensis, Ctenactis echinata, and Acropora millepora - morphology, transcriptome, and developmental gene expression

    Research into various aspects of coral biology has greatly increased in recent years due to anthropogenic threats to coral health including pollution, ocean warming and acidification. However, knowledge of cor...

    Nami Okubo, David C. Hayward, Sylvain Forêt and Eldon E. Ball

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:48

    Published on: 29 February 2016

  12. Research article

    The thorax of the cave cricket Troglophilus neglectus: anatomical adaptations in an ancient wingless insect lineage (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae)

    Secondary winglessness is a common phenomenon found among neopteran insects. With an estimated age of at least 140 million years, the cave crickets (Rhaphidophoridae) form the oldest exclusively wingless linea...

    Fanny Leubner, Thomas Hörnschemeyer and Sven Bradler

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:39

    Published on: 18 February 2016

  13. Research article

    Extensive variation in sperm morphology in a frog with no sperm competition

    Recent comparative studies of several taxa have found that within-species variation in sperm size decreases with increasing levels of sperm competition, suggesting that male-male gamete competition selects for...

    Kathryn A. Stewart, Rachel Wang and Robert Montgomerie

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:29

    Published on: 1 February 2016

  14. Research article

    Convergent evolution of hemoglobin switching in jawed and jawless vertebrates

    During development, humans and other jawed vertebrates (Gnathostomata) express distinct hemoglobin genes, resulting in different hemoglobin tetramers. Embryonic and fetal hemoglobin have higher oxygen affiniti...

    Kim Rohlfing, Friederike Stuhlmann, Margaret F. Docker and Thorsten Burmester

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:30

    Published on: 1 February 2016

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