Evolutionary ecology and behaviour

This section considers studies in the areas of evolutionary behaviour and ecology including sexual conflict and selection.

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  1. Research article

    Spatial turnover in host-plant availability drives host-associated divergence in a South African leafhopper (Cephalelus uncinatus)

    The evolution of reproductive isolation between herbivorous insect populations is often initiated by shifts to novel host-plants, a process that underlies some of the best examples of ecological speciation. Ho...

    Willem J. Augustyn, Bruce Anderson, Jeroen F. van der Merwe and Allan G. Ellis

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:72

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Asymmetric cellular memory in bacteria exposed to antibiotics

    The ability to form a cellular memory and use it for cellular decision-making could help bacteria to cope with recurrent stress conditions. We analyzed whether bacteria would form a cellular memory specificall...

    Roland Mathis and Martin Ackermann

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:73

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Conserved patterns of integrated developmental plasticity in a group of polyphenic tropical butterflies

    Developmental plasticity is thought to have profound macro-evolutionary effects, for example, by increasing the probability of establishment in new environments and subsequent divergence into independently evo...

    Erik van Bergen, Dave Osbaldeston, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Oskar Brattström, Kwaku Aduse-Poku and Paul M. Brakefield

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:59

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Grandparental immune priming in the pipefish Syngnathus typhle

    Phenotypic changes in response to environmental influences can persist from one generation into the next. In many systems parental parasite experience influences offspring immune responses, known as transgener...

    Anne Beemelmanns and Olivia Roth

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:44

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Habitat structure is linked to the evolution of plumage colour in female, but not male, fairy-wrens

    Both natural and sexual selection may drive the evolution of plumage colouration in birds. This can lead to great variation in plumage not only across species, but also between sexes within species. Australasi...

    Iliana Medina, Kaspar Delhey, Anne Peters, Kristal E. Cain, Michelle L. Hall, Raoul A. Mulder and Naomi E. Langmore

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:35

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Mid-day siesta in natural populations of D. melanogaster from Africa exhibits an altitudinal cline and is regulated by splicing of a thermosensitive intron in the period clock gene

    Many diurnal animals exhibit a mid-day ‘siesta’, generally thought to be an adaptive response aimed at minimizing exposure to heat on warm days, suggesting that in regions with cooler climates mid-day siestas ...

    Weihuan Cao and Isaac Edery

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:32

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Quantifying camouflage: how to predict detectability from appearance

    Quantifying the conspicuousness of objects against particular backgrounds is key to understanding the evolution and adaptive value of animal coloration, and in designing effective camouflage. Quantifying detec...

    Jolyon Troscianko, John Skelhorn and Martin Stevens

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017 17:7

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Variation in cyanogenic compounds concentration within a Heliconius butterfly community: does mimicry explain everything?

    Aposematic species advertise their unpalatability using warning signals such as striking coloration. Given that predators need to sample aposematic prey to learn that they are unprofitable, prey with similar w...

    Mónica Arias, Aimilia Meichanetzoglou, Marianne Elias, Neil Rosser, Donna Lisa de-Silva, Bastien Nay and Violaine Llaurens

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:272

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  9. Research article

    Plasticity in growth of farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: is the increased growth rate of farmed salmon caused by evolutionary adaptations to the commercial diet?

    Domestication of Atlantic salmon for commercial aquaculture has resulted in farmed salmon displaying substantially higher growth rates than wild salmon under farming conditions. In contrast, growth differences...

    Alison Catherine Harvey, Monica Favnebøe Solberg, Eva Troianou, Gary Robert Carvalho, Martin Ian Taylor, Simon Creer, Lise Dyrhovden, Ivar Helge Matre and Kevin Alan Glover

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:264

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  10. Research article

    Are sexually selected traits affected by a poor environment early in life?

    Challenging conditions experienced early in life, such as a restricted diet, can detrimentally affect key life-history traits. Individuals can reduce these costs by delaying their sexual maturation, albeit at ...

    Regina Vega-Trejo, Michael D. Jennions and Megan L. Head

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:263

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  11. Research article

    The evolution of genital complexity and mating rates in sexually size dimorphic spiders

    Genital diversity may arise through sexual conflict over polyandry, where male genital features function to manipulate female mating frequency against her interest. Correlated genital evolution across animal g...

    Matjaž Kuntner, Ren-Chung Cheng, Simona Kralj-Fišer, Chen-Pan Liao, Jutta M. Schneider and Mark A. Elgar

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:242

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  12. Research article

    Evolution of the locomotory system in eels (Teleostei: Elopomorpha)

    Living anguilliform eels represent a distinct clade of elongated teleostean fishes inhabiting a wide range of habitats. Locomotion of these fishes is highly influenced by the elongated body shape, the anatomy ...

    Cathrin Pfaff, Roberto Zorzin and Jürgen Kriwet

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:159

    Published on: 11 August 2016

  13. Research article

    Adaptation and acclimation of traits associated with swimming capacity in Lake Whitefish (coregonus clupeaformis) ecotypes

    Improved performance in a given ecological niche can occur through local adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, or a combination of these mechanisms. Evaluating the relative importance of these two mechanisms is n...

    Martin Laporte, Anne C. Dalziel, Nicolas Martin and Louis Bernatchez

    BMC Evolutionary Biology 2016 16:160

    Published on: 11 August 2016

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